Dr. Ellman is the Englishman referred to : 1822 Dr John Richard Elmore Doctor. Military Surgeon served under Wellington. English born. Reinstatement of Deasy supported by Dr John Richard Elmore, Clonakilty. 1822 with Dr. Elmore seeking Chief Secretary; support for harbour works for poor relief at Ring. 1810 renting from Earl of Shannon, r at Cahiers... Callnan family hereditary Physicians to the McCarthy Riabhachs, 1798 in West Cork, Dr. John Richard Elmore owner of largest Linen Mill in Munster in Clonakilty 1820s and Dr. William and Albert Callnan, Clonakilty. CSO/RP/1822/3334. Letter from James Molony, Richard Deasy and John Richard Elmore, charitable committee room, Clonakilty, County Cork, members of the charitable committee of Clonakilty, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, emphasising the need to improve the harbour at Clonakilty, for the benefit of shipping, commerce and agriculture. Requests funds to assist them in their plans to construct a pier at the entrance to Clonakilty harbour, and a quay at Carrogronemore [Curraghgrane More] point, connected to Clonakilty by a new road, 15 July 1822. Also letter from merchants, traders and other inhabitants of Clonakilty, to Chief Secretary's Office, Dublin Castle, concerning the problems raised [by Dublin Castle], in respect to the request for funds to construct a quay on Curraghgrane More, the land in question being church property. Signed by 30 individuals [August 1822]. William Callanan’s daughter, Mary Anne, married Dr John Richard Elmore, who took up residence in the Callanan home in Scartagh in 1815. His income from his medical practice was not great. But he set up the largest linen factory in Munster in Clonakilty ‘near Mill Street’ and was one of the most prominent figures in the efforts to promote the economic prosperity of the area. He was one of a small minority of Englishmen who have been sensitive to the needs of Ireland and he courageously defended the good name of his adopted country. His wife died in 1827 and he himself was declared bankrupt in 1828. He then went to London CSO/RP/1822/3097. Chief Secretary's Office. Letter from Dr John Richard Elmore, Clonakilty, County Cork, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, expressing disappointment at news that a local magistrate, Richard Deasy, has been stripped of his commission of the peace. Requests that he be reinstated, emphasising his good conduct and noting that 'he differs in Faith from me, he is a Catholic but this Society does not contain one man more fit to discharge official duties'. Complains of the conduct of 3 other local magistrates who have retained their commissions


Clothiers, Flax, Linen, Textiles, Weaving, West Cork






Durrushistory- Jun 17 2022


It is each to criticise the Guardian for attention to costs.   However the cost of the Workhouse and the dispensary had to be paid for locally through the rates.  This is what at the time was one of the poorest and disadvantaged parts of Ireland.

Of those present  JP denotes Magistrates.   Timothy (Thade O’Mahony was one of a family of fish merchants from Kilcrohane married to a former Mccarthy who had a substantial business premise in Goleen.

Michael Hegarty of Toormore Cottage referred to is the brother in law of Thade O'Mahony involved in various businesses and great grandfather of Peter Sutheerland, former EU Commissioner, Chairman of Goldman Sachs and BP.





Aherne, Eugene (John)


Aherne, Eugene (John) (d. 1806), radical and officer in the French army, was born at Lixnaw, Co. Kerry, probably in the 1760s. According to an informant of the Irish government identified only as ‘Jones’, Aherne studied in France at the Collège de Navarre before going to Scotland…...






Barrett, Edmond (‘Edward’) (1877–1932), Olympic athlete, wrestler, and hurler, was born 3 November 1877 in Rahela (also known as Rahealy or Rathella), Ballyduff, Co. Kerry, one of twelve surviving children of Thomas Barrett, farmer, and Bridget Barrett (née Whelan). He was educated…...






Brosnan, Cornelius (‘Con’)




Brosnan, Cornelius (‘Con’) (1900–75), Gaelic footballer, was born 27 December 1900 in Newtownsandes (now Moyvane), Co. Kerry, son of Jeremiah Brosnan, shopkeeper and creamery manager, and Ellie Brosnan (née Nolan). Educated at Newtonsandes N.S. and St. Michael's College, Listowel,…...




Byrne, John (1919–2013), property developer and ballroom impresario, was born on 5 March 1919 in Upper Tullig, Kilflynn, near Tralee, Co. Kerry, the third child of seven sons and seven daughters of Michael Byrne, a farmer, and his wife Bridget (née Flaherty). After attending CBS…...






Casey, John (1769/70–1861), priest and antiquary, was born in Castleshannon, Ballyheigue, Co. Kerry; his father was possibly a native of Ballyheigue, his mother a Lawlor from Ardfert. Educated at the college of Killarney, he was ordained in 1804, aged thirty-five. It is believed…...




Connor (O'Connor), Bernard (c.1666–1698), royal physician, anatomist, and historian, was born into a catholic family in Co. Kerry, one of at least three children of Bernard O'Connor, possibly a member of the branch of the lords of Kerry, whose seat was at Carrigafoyle;…...






Crosbie, Thomas (1817?–1899), newspaper editor and proprietor, was born in Ardfert, Co. Kerry. Educated at Clongowes Wood College, Co. Kildare, in 1842 he joined the Cork Examiner of John Francis Maguire (qv) soon after…...




Cunningham, Philip (d. 1804), United Irishman and leader of the most serious convict insurrection in Australian history, was born c.1770 at Gleann Liath (Moyvane), near Listowel, Co. Kerry. He moved to Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, in the 1790s to work as a publican and a mason…...










The Ballad of DJ Allman




It was on a Monday morning in the merry month of June


I strayed into an old churchyard to view a silent tomb


I overheard an old man say as the tears rolled from his eyes


“It is underneath that cold grey sod where young DJ Allman lies.”




Oh rise up DJ Allman, rise up and tell me plain


Who went that day along with you to ambush Headford train?


Who stood out on that platform bold and fired that signal gun?


Who fought and died at Headford with you my darling son?




West Cork History <comment-reply@wordpress.com>


Thu 06/05/2021 21:24


Respond to this post by replying above this line


New post on West Cork History






Forgotten Patriot, James Creed Meredith, 1875–1942, Dublin born, Athlete, Revolutionary, President of the Supreme Court of the Dáil Courts. Senator of the National University. He was appointed by the League of Nations in 1934 to Supervise a Plebiscite the Saar Plebiscite Tribunal. Advocate of Proportionate Representation (PR). Supreme Court Justice.


by durrushistory




The Southern Star in 1940 carried a report of a speech he gave expressing concerns about aspect of the Gardaí collection of evidence in criminal cases. It is likely that the concerns is held my quite a number of the Senior Judiciary in particular those who had a criminal practice prior to elevation to the bench. Whatever about now in the past there was a segment of the Gardaí who subscribed to the Dogs in the Streets School of Jurisprudence, 'We know who did it and will get him or her' the drive to get the conviction rate up trumping adherence to justice. Nor a problem confined to Ireland.




The Star report has him the son of the Rev. Meredith of Courtmacsherry. Frank Mac Gabhann gives his father as a barrister which the birth cert confirms. There is however a family connection to the Howe family who lived in the general area. It may be that the Star got it wrong.




This is  Frank Mac Gabhann writing






Truth Above Everything




Frank Mac Gabhann writes: This decade of centenaries has thus far passed with barely a mention of James Creed Meredith, a man largely unknown outside his family and even to relatively few lawyers and historians. This should not be the case. Not only was he a High, then Supreme Court judge, he was also one of the great sprinters of his generation, a member of the Irish Volunteers and a 1914 gun-runner, president of the Supreme Court set up by Dáil Éireann during the War of Independence who championed Brehon Law, a philosopher, a translator of Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Judgement (still in print a century later with his commentaries and read by philosophers and students alike), a novelist and playwright who late in life became a Quaker. One wonders how many Irish lawyers of today could even read Kant, much less translate him.




Meredith was born in 1875 in Fitzwilliam Square in Dublin of a prominent family that was serving the Church of Ireland, if not the British empire, well, with many clergymen among its ranks. His father, of the same name, practised as a barrister and was the deputy grand master of the Masonic Lodge of Ireland and even today there a lodge in Belfast bearing his name. His portrait in his Masonic robes still hangs in the Masonic Hall in Molesworth Street in Dublin. He was knighted by the British monarch and even invited to the coronation of 1910. He was appointed secretary of the new Royal University of Ireland, which may have had something to do with his son enrolling as a philosophy student there. The young Meredith was awarded a BA and subsequently an MA, as well as the gold medal in mental philosophy. He also studied at Trinity College, where he was awarded another gold medal. He qualified as a barrister in 1901. In 1911 Oxford University published his translation of Kant’s Critique of Judgement. In 1895, while at Trinity, he was the Irish champion at the 100, 220 and 440 yard events and the following year won the British championship at the quarter mile. At the time of his death Meredith was considered one of the greatest Irish quarter-milers of all time.




He was a member, with Tom Kettle, of the intellectually fertile Young Ireland branch (the only branch that allowed women to join) of the United Irish League. Perhaps Meredith the philosopher was reading Karl Marx’s eleventh thesis on Feuerbach: up to now philosophy has only interpreted the world the point is to change it. For Meredith now began to marry theory with praxis practice. By 1913 he was a convinced Irish nationalist and engagé. He joined the Irish Volunteers at its inception, although it is not known whether he wore the uniform. He was one of the organisers of the Howth and Kilcoole gun-running in the summer of 1914 and persuaded Dr Thomas Myles to use his yacht, the Chotay, which he helped to crew, to smuggle the guns to Kilcoole. He was one of John Redmond’s added nominees to the national committee of the Volunteers. Despite being a nominee of Redmond, he worked actively with the Republican members, according to Bulmer Hobson. Immediately following the British declaration of war on August 3rd, Meredith called a meeting at his own home in Dublin for the following evening, at which Seán Mac Diarmada, Bulmer Hobson and some Redmond nominees attended, to discuss how Ireland should respond. When Seán Fitzgibbon arrived late with the news that Redmond had pledged Irish support for the war the night before in the House of Commons, “Meredith was so annoyed that he could not discuss the matter”, according to Fitzgibbon.




Meredith is believed to have drafted the constitution of the Volunteers some months later, with its declared objective, “To secure and maintain the rights and liberties common to the people of Ireland”. This is lawyer-speak, probably just vague enough to escape the rigours of the wartime Defence of the Realm regulations. In 1915 he published in a prestigious philosophical quarterly in the US the Kantian essay “Perpetual Peace and the Doctrine of Neutrality”, where he sets out both his anger at the war then raging and his views on pacifism. There is no record of his attitude towards the Easter Rising the following year. However, he did testify as a witness for the defence in the court-martial of Eoin MacNeill following the Rising. As late as July 1917 he was still involved to some degree with the Irish Parliamentary Party during a by-election for South Dublin, then a unionist stronghold. Republicans did not field a candidate in that by-election as the East Clare by-election was being held four days later. Meredith harboured the vain hope that the last-gasp, ill-fated Irish Convention that began that month might provide a way forward.




It is unclear exactly when, but at some stage after the overwhelming victory of Sinn Féin in the 1918 general election Meredith crossed the Rubicon and nailed his colours firmly to the armed independence struggle. He became president of the Supreme Court of the republican Dáil courts, the “chief justice” of the Irish Republic that functioned during the War of Independence. He defied the Irish Bar, which was not exactly stocked with patriots at the time. The Bar had forbidden barristers to appear in Republican courts. Those who did risked not simply the Bar’s sanction but also a different sanction from the Black and Tans, who were armed with more than summonses for professional misconduct. In one case heard by Meredith, he preferred Brehon law over common law in ruling that the father of a child born out of wedlock was required to pay maintenance in respect of that child. This ruling was followed thereafter in all Republican courts. With the winding up of the Dáil courts he was appointed chief judicial commissioner, deciding the disposition of those cases. 




When the provisional government decided to set up a British-style judiciary in 1924, there was no room for Meredith on the new three-member Supreme Court, the "Protestant seat" going to Gerald FitzGibbon, a unionist, in order to allay Southern unionist fears. Nor was there any room for a judge there to follow his Brehon example. A child born out of wedlock in the new Irish Free State reverted to being a filius nullius, a son of nobody, a baby whom the natural father could lawfully neglect. The new set-up was, in effect, demoting Meredith to the newly created High Court.




As there were effectively no vacancies until 1936, he had to wait until then to be promoted to the expanded five-member Supreme Court, joining FitzGibbon there. The unionist FitzGibbon never forgave Meredith for being a Protestant republican and, just before his retirement in 1938, FitzGibbon, without notice to Meredith, launched an unfair and wholly unwarranted attack on his fellow judge in a written judgement. According to the late Adrian Hardiman, this attack was unique in modern Irish judicial history, though typical of FitzGibbon’s vindictive style to one whom, according to Meredith’s family, he may have considered a traitor to his class and perhaps even to his religion. Meredith, by 1938 the good Quaker, did not reply in kind to the attack and turned the other cheek. Apparently alone among all the superior court judges, FitzGibbon is not recorded as attending Meredith’s funeral in 1942.




FitzGibbon had already fallen out with Hugh Kennedy, the first chief justice, without whose recommendation the decade before to the provisional government, he would never have been even considered for the bench. FitzGibbon gave judgement, reported in 1934, in a case involving a minor whose ancestors included a deputy lieutenant and a high sheriff and whose grandfather had owned 25,000 acres in Co Clare in the nineteenth century. FitzGibbon lamented that “the policy of successive Governments . . . has transferred the land [of his grandfather] to its occupiers". He went on to comment on the possibilities of the minor carrying on the tradition of his class in Ireland to seek “distinguished service and exalted position in the colonies” of the British empire. FitzGibbon had the extraordinary effrontery in a judgement in 1935 to ridicule the state of which he was one of the chief magistrates, referring to “ . . . this other Eden semi-paradise, this precious stone, set in the silver sea, this blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this Saor Stát”, after Shakespeare. Not only is this unique in Irish judicial history, it is all but unthinkable in civilised legal exegesis anywhere.




It may be remembered that FitzGibbon’s father, of the same name, was a judge and loyal servant of the British empire for nearly half a century until he died in 1909. He was well known and despised by most Irish people and for that reason appears in Ulysses, whose action takes place in 1904, when the elder FitzGibbon was still sitting as a judge and dispensing justice. James Joyce playfully slid in a possible double meaning reference concerning him in the Aeolus episode. The elder Fitzgibbon’s father, also of the same name, had been perhaps the most bigoted lawyer in Ireland in the nineteenth century, publishing absurd sectarian drivel about Catholicism and about how fortunate the Irish people were during the nineteenth century to be ruled by Englishmen.




In the meantime Meredith had published in 1928 a translation of Kant’s Critique of Teleological Judgement with notes and analyses, as he had with the earlier translation. He chaired numerous state commissions, including that on the Army mutiny of 1924. He was appointed by the League of Nations in 1934 to supervise a plebiscite in the Saar Basin in still-occupied Germany. He also wrote three plays (including one entitled The Heckled Unionist) and contributed to a plethora of intellectual and literary journals, both Irish and British. His utopian, visionary, philosophical, science-fiction novel The Rainbow in the Valley is a story of visitors to western China, including a thinly disguised, at times whimsical, Meredith. They communicate by radio with Mars and discuss Freud, Aristotle, Hegel and Kant. as well as language, the partition of Ireland, the League of Nations, and politics in general, given the gathering war clouds in Europe. We learn that there has not been a war on Mars for 10,000 years. Even Éamon de Valera and Eoin O’Duffy get a mention, the former telling a joke about the latter. The narrator relates an incident about himself in 1920 going out of his way to avoid being forced by the British military to take off his hat during the passing by of a military funeral procession on the Dublin quays for the detectives shot by the IRA on Bloody Sunday, and how it led to a quarrel with a lifelong friend. The thought occurs that perhaps the comment elsewhere of the narrator, “I have the greatest respect for pacifist theories, but I value Truth above everything”, is Meredith’s credo. Unfortunately for the book’s dissemination, its publication coincided with the outbreak of the world war, although even in times of peace Kantian novels top few bestseller lists.




One of Meredith’s cases was the custody battle between Muriel MacSwiney, Terence MacSwiney’s widow, and Mary MacSwiney, his sister, over his daughter, Máire, born in 1918. MacSwiney, lord mayor of Cork and IRA commandant there, had died on hunger strike in London in 1920, with worldwide publicity. MacSwiney, in his will, had appointed his sister to be joint guardian of his daughter. After the civil war, during which both women took the anti-treaty side, Muriel left for the continent with her daughter. She became involved in leftist politics there. In 1932 Mary, her aunt, went to Germany and, with the daughter’s agreement, effectively kidnapped the minor and raced with her by taxi to the Austrian border and then back to Cork. By this point the child had forgotten both her English and Irish, and had had, as she later wrote, “an erratic upbringing, moving from place to place”. Meredith had to determine which woman would have custody of the fourteen-year-old girl. Both sides fought the case bitterly over several months. Meredith decided to speak with the girl privately in his chambers. By then she understood some English. He asked her with whom she would like to live. She replied, “My aunt”. Meredith awarded custody to the aunt.




An interesting aside to the case is that for a time she and her aunt were furnished with Garda protection as there was evidence that Muriel was trying to “re-kidnap” her. She recalled later her aunt’s discomfiture: she was a diehard Republican who never accepted the legitimacy of the Free State, yet was being protected by their police. Mary MacSwiney, it may be remembered, was one of the seven surviving abstentionist Sinn Féin TDs from the Second Dáil who in 1938 purported to delegate the authority of the Irish Republic to the Army Council of the IRA. This was, presumably, their version of apostolic succession which, according to Irish Republican mythology, converted the IRA Army Council into the legitimate “de jure Government of the Irish Republic”. 




Meredith’s grandson, Rowan Gillespie, is one of Ireland’s finest sculptors, whose work includes the famine statues on the Dublin quays and the dolmen in Blackrock. Proclamation, the sculpture outside Kilmainham Jail, is a tribute both to the vision of the 1916 leaders and to the vision of his grandfather. Meredith died in 1942. Athlete, philosopher, revolutionary, jurist, he is now barely remembered. He deserves better.














The Hermit of Manor, Saturday, April 27, 1833, pp.99-100.


FlikeNoir              Scottish History 10/12/2020         14 Minutes        


[Chambers’ Edinburgh Journal Contents]




Although the care of his bees and the cultivation of his garden appeared, in the eyes of his humble neighbours, to be Davie’s sole occupation, he had a private source of amusement within his solitary dwelling, to which they themselves were in a great measure strangers – namely, in books. Improbable as it may seem, this poor decrepit creature’s favourite author was no other than the sentimental Shenstone, whose love-pastorals he confessed to afford him the most intense delight. Next to Shenstone in his favour was Milton’s Paradise Lost, large portions of which he could repeat by rote; and his nice perception of the beauties of many of the sublimer passages is said to have been altogether extraordinary, considering his origin, education, and rank in life. In addition to these volumes, he had got a copy of “Tooke’s Pantheon,” and had his head confusedly stored with all the mysteries of the heathen mythology. Davie had likewise at his command the library of his kind benefactor, Dr Ferguson, who reckoned him a man of great capacity and originality of mind. He possessed, moreover, a keen relish for the beauties of nature, and would sit for hours gazing upon the varied landscape before him in a reverie of deep admiration;








Hotel, Bantry. Famous Visitors to Vickery’s Hotel.




11 Friday Sep 2020




Posted by durrushistory in Uncategorized          








From Hazel Vickery who donated Vickery papers UCC, Boole Library:








In 1912, Willie’s cousins, Herbert & Tommie Vickery, sons of George J. Vickery, of Vickery’s Hardware Shop,opened a motor repair garage behind the hotel. As they were Ford dealers, they needed a showroom on the street. This was in the new hotel building between the front door and the archway, with petrol pumps on the footpath. The hotel was used by the Cork Ford Company for regional meetings and Henry Ford, his wife Clara and daughter stayed in the hotel on the night of the 10th August 1912.




Corktown, Detroit, Michigan being Revitalised by Henry Ford The Third.








Henry Ford, Madame, Ballinascarthy, West Cork and the Uilleann Pipes








Famous Visitors to the Hotel:






Noel O’Sullivan a porter in 1940 wrote that he remembered opening the door for the then, Taoiseach, Eamon de Valera; General Tom Barry; Dan Breen, Eoin O’Neill, Dr Noel Browne, the singer Delia Murphy and actresses


Kathleen Ryan and Hermione Badderly. In 1961, during the making of the film “I Thank a Fool” on the Mizen Head Peter Finch stayed with his wife Yolande. Susan Hayward and Diane Cliento who were starring in the same film were regular clients for meals at that time. Trevor Howard, Cyril Cusack and Geraldine Plunkett (Glenroe) visited when making a film in Baltimore. Trevor was so pleased with one of the photos of him taken by Ian that he ordered 100 copies to use as a publicity photograph. Maureen O’Hara and her husband Charles Blair stayed when looking for property in the area which they eventually found in Glengarriff. She became a regular client as was Christy Moore when he had a house in Durrus – much to excitement of the staff. Before the private sitting-room/guest lounge became


the dining room I have fond memories of great sing-songs with various friends and guests playing the baby grand piano which had come from Elsie and Ian’s home in Reenmeen, Glengarriff after it was sold. Pianists included Donal Crosbie of the Cork Examiner family, Joe Lynch (Dinny in Glenroe), Maureen Potter and Jimmy O’Dea who stayed when they were staging their revues in the Parochial Hall. Later the old bar became the venue for the Young Musicians’ Platform during the West Cork Chamber Music Festival until they outgrew the room.




This Day in Irish History




This day 59 years ago - 13 September 1961 - Irish peacekeeping soldiers at Jadotville, numbering 155, came under attack from around 3,000 mercenaries loyal to Katangese President Moise Tshome.


The Irish battalion withstood attack for five days, taking down 300 of the enemy.


(image source: Wikipedia)


From James Morrissey




Apparently in 1890, Arthur Balfour, Chief Secretary for Ireland, visited the west of Ireland to witness for himself the appalling conditions In a speech delivered in Liverpool, he declared: "The general impression left upon the casual traveller is that you are dealing with a population not congested in the sense of being crowded, but congested by not being able to draw from their holdings a safe and sufficient livelihood for themselves and their children, whose condition trembles constantly on the verge of want, and when the potato crop fails, goes over that margin and becomes one of extreme and even dangerous destitution."


Balfour decided that action was needed in the form of a new entity to bring about an improvement in conditions. And so the Congested District Board was established by the Land Act of 1891.




Despite the cramped conditions, Doran was impressed by the inhabitants: "Reflecting on the habits of the people of this and neighbouring districts, who are born and reared in the same room as their cattle; where brothers and sisters occupy the same sleeping apartment, insensible of any violation of human decency; living in such foul surroundings, in such close association as the brutes of the field, I have often marvelled how they are so moral, so well-disposed and so good in many ways as they generally are."https://tpc.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html






[New post] 1848, Michael Doheny Young Irelander On the Run, Dunmanway, Gougane Barra, Probably Borlin Valley, Bantry, Supper of Trout, Bedding of Fresh Hay on a Settle, Breakfast Included a Slice of Fried Badger






Title: The Felon's Track


       History Of The Attempted Outbreak In Ireland, Embracing The Leading


       Events In The Irish Struggle From The Year 1843 To The Close


       Of 1848






Author: Michael Doheny




Release Date: December 26, 2004




Chapter 9 deals with his wanderings in West Cork
















The Lawrence Photograph Collection [graphic]


Most of this collection is made up of people, topographical views and interior views throughout Ireland. Included are some taken in the main reading room of the National Library of Ireland.






Thank you for this very interesting and useful post. My great-grandfather, John McSweeney born about 1852, emigrated to New Zealand from Kenmare in 1879 or 1880. The time-frame relates to his parent’s early lives. The link below is to a paper published in 2016 about John McSweeney in NZ.










Video link


Nora Lynch Athea June 2020




Robert Stanford was born in Ballinastanford near Claremorris, Co. Mayo in 1806. He made his fortune as a soldier, eventually settling near Cape Town in South Africa. Upon his retirement from military service in 1838, he bought the Kleine Valley estate in the Western Cape. The estate covered almost 27,000 acres, making Stanford a prominent land owner. In 1848 he further expanded his property portfolio buy purchasing 52,000 acres of land near Gustrouw. In spite of his prominent position in society, Stanford is perhaps best known for the part he played in The Blockade of the Neptune in 1849.




It is an account I transcribed from the Ipswich Journal of 31 March 1733.


The Earl of Kerry’s Gentleman of the Horse single, mounted on a very fine Bay Stone Horse. The Steward, Waiting Gentleman and other Domestics of Lord Kerry’s.


The Cavalcade of the Earl’s own Family and all mounted out of his own Stable, to the number of 35, being past, there followed another of the Gentlemen of the County, which was very considerable, there being about 20 led horses with Field Courts (?) attending them.



But the day proved very unfavourable and all this Pomp and Gallantry of Equipage was forced to march under a heavy and continued rain to Listowel, where the High Sheriff had prepared a Splendid Entertainment consisting of 120 Dishes to solace the Judges and Gentlemen after their Fatigues which it seemed they greatly wanted for the roads were so heavy and deep by Reason of the excessive Rain, that the Judges were forced to leave their Coach and betake themselves to their Saddle Horses. 

From Kay Caball





Ireland Sober Ireland Free






North Otago Times, Volume XXVI, Issue 9633, 6 December 1899






Marriage and Hiring fair




Daily Southern Cross, Volume XXV, Issue 3840, 11 December 1869






Hunt Waldron








Connell Family







From Western Argus 13 July 1937

AMERICAN 'PLANE. ARRIVES Foynes, July 6. 1937. The Pan-American clipper arrived at 10.45 a.m. The coast was shrouded in mist and rain, but by a great stroke of fortune the .weather cleared as the 'plane descended, enabling the crowds to obtain a splendid view. The silver conqueror of. the Atlantic was fastened to its moorings at 10.50 a.m., and had thus taken 12 hours 40 minutes to cross the Atlantic. Mr. de Valera, Mr Lemass and officials of the Air Ministry and Imperial Airways, welcomed the crew, who were loudly cheered by the onlookers, many of whom arrived in donkey-drawn jaunting Cars.






From Daily Advertiser NSW 13 July 1944



. NEW YORK, Saturday: Cspt. Charles Thompson set a trans Atlantic speed record for commercial planes, completing 3075 statute miles from Foynes, in Ireland, to New York in 18 hours 16 minutes, bettering the previous record by 27 minutes.


From Cairns Post 23 June 1942

INAUGURAL FLIGHT. NEW YORK TO FOYNES. (Australian Assodated Press.) LONDON, June 21.1942

The Minister of State (Mr. Oliver Lyttelton) crossed the Atlantic as a passenger on the inaugural flight of the new service between New York and Foynes. The crossing occupied 18 hours. The service is conducted by American export airlines, using 28-ton Sikorski flying boats.

Mr. Lyttelton, referring enthusiastic- ally to increasing Canadian and American production, said that one corporation at the end of the year would be producing munitions at the rate of 4,000,000,000 dollar’s worth a year, which was equivalent in terms of money to building the Panama Canal once every six weeks.


From Examiner Launceston Tasmania 2 August 1937

Atlantic Air Service Partible FOYNES (Ireland), July 30. 1937 "I am now convinced of the practicability of the Atlantic air service. It has reached the routine stage," said the captain of the Pan-American Clipper, which completed the second experimental flight from Botwood (Newfoundland) in 12hr. 47min. The Clipper's speed was aided by a tail wind, and was approximately 160 miles an hour.




Second Trans-Atlantic Flight. BOTWOOD Newfoundland), July 2.1937. The Pan American clipper left at 5.5 Eastern Standard time, on its flight to Foynes. A London message stated that the clipper arrived at Foynes at 9.50 a.m. DEPARTURE OF CAMBRIA. LONDON, July 29. Carrying a crew all under 20, the Cambria left Foynes. Ireland, for Botwood (Newfoundland), on Its second experimental Trans-Atlantic flight at 7 p.m. The crew carried flasks of hot water to enable them to shave enroute. LONDON, July 30. At 1.80 ?a.m. Cambria. was 1500 miles out, About 4 a.m. the Cambria and the Pan American Clipper passed each other in mid-Atlantic about 80 miles apart.

From Queensland Times 31 July 1937.




New Zealand Tablet, Volume XVII, Issue 53, 18 April 1890, Page 9


Judge Curran, at the Tralee Sessions, recently sent a woman named Anne Pierse to penal servitude for five years for stealing two pence from Bridget Brien in Listowel. At same time John Moriarty and Patrick Shea were charged with stealing £13 from John Scanlan. The former was sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment and the latter to five years'.




The selection comes from London’s fictional novel, The Iron Heel, published in 1908. The narrator, Avis Everhard, describes her husband Ernest, and shares his favorite poem, one which speaks to the infinite power and potential of man and the desire to live life to the fullest:


Joy upon joy and gain upon gain

Are the destined rights of my birth,

And I shout the praise of my endless days

To the echoing edge of the earth.

Though I suffer all deaths that a man can die

To the uttermost end of time,

I have deep-drained this, my cup of bliss,

In every age and clime—

The froth of Pride, the tang of Power,

The sweet of Womanhood!

I drain the lees upon my knees,

For oh, the draught is good;

I drink to Life, I drink to Death,

And smack my lips with song,

For when I die, another ‘I’ shall pass the cup along.

The man you drove from Eden’s grove

Was I, my Lord, was I,

And I shall be there when the earth and the air

Are rent from sea to sky;

For it is my world, my gorgeous world,

The world of my dearest woes,

From the first faint cry of the newborn

To the rack of the woman’s throes.

Packed with the pulse of an unborn race,

Torn with a world’s desire,

The surging flood of my wild young blood

Would quench the judgment fire.

I am Man, Man, Man, from the tingling flesh

To the dust of my earthly goal,

From the nestling gloom of the pregnant womb

To the sheen of my naked soul.

Bone of my bone and flesh of my flesh

The whole world leaps to my will,

And the unslaked thirst of an Eden cursed

Shall harrow the earth for its fill.

Almighty God, when I drain life’s glass

Of all its rainbow gleams,

The hapless plight of eternal night

Shall be none too long for my dreams.

The man you drove from Eden’s grove

Was I, my Lord, was I,

And I shall be there when the earth and the air

Are rent from sea to sky;

For it is my world, my gorgeous world,

The world of my dear delight,

From the brightest gleam of the Arctic stream

To the dusk of my own love-night.




00 Years



NZ Tablet 27 Feb. 1875 p10

The Consumption op an Ordinary Lifetime. Our young readers have a big task before them, if this calculation of the amount of food eaten by a man in half a century be correct, but they need not be discouraged, and should take things leisurely. He would have to climb a good sized hill to overlook the articles for they comprise 30 oxen, 200 sheep, 100 calves, 200 lambs, 50 pigs, 1,200 chickens, 3,000 turkeys, 193 pigeons, 140 pounds of salmon, 150 pounds of other fish, 30,000 oysters, 6,443 pounds of vegetables, 244 pounds of butter, 24,000 eggs, 4^ tons of bread, 8,000 gallons of tea and coffee, besides tons of fruit, barrels of sweetmeats, and hogsheads of water. Not a Bad Joke.



NZ Tablet 27 Feb. 1875 p10


An incident of a somewhat amusing nature occurred at a meeting of the Christchurch , New Zealand Council a few days since. The time arrived for the opening of tenders for the cartage of rubble, and Councillor Calvert, on whom that duty usually devolves, proceeded to open the batch of letters handed to him by the Town Clerk. To the astonishment of all, the first he opened was not a tender, but a "Valentine specially dedicated to his Worship the Mayor. It is needless to say that the incident caused considerable merriment, the Mayor joining his brother councillors in the laughter that ensued. Councillor Calvert proceeded, and two or three genuine enclosures were brought to light one after the other then came another Valentine addressed to Councillor Gapes, and lastly a second for his Worship. The letters were all marked tenders," and there was nothing whatever to lead the Town Clerk to suspect the nature of their contents. It was suggested that perhaps the "cabbies" knew something about them.


Irish Horsemen




Miners and more visit of Bishop and Fr Lynch



Travels of Archbishop Redwood July 1904






Irish Letter from America 1875





-H- AMERICA. olas'-esc^o.' 111 18 tllG J °T Clldiu S- J«ly 1* drank 15,000,000 r-poV^cd hQW -™»S* P^ out tho great fire, if S&K £^£*sft t w JNow Hampshire has a now law requiring the doors of all miblirassembly rooms and their entrances toV* outwards! 1 it is siatea that llishop Laroc^uo bequeathed all his proucrtv valued at 831,000, to the town of St. Hyacinthe, Canada piOpClfc^ lliere is a man named McMahon on the Washington uoliri. force but he isn't proud.-' St. Louis Republican P popu^Z^S^t^^^ 110^ iM icisi^^t^US?^" MilkmeU a &pendiUg tllGir mnsm all tho wisdom o f. the Egyptians qWw& /m^Zl

have laid up my millions, and can buy every Congress-man, every editor, and every preacher in the country." When we consider the truth of this boast, it becomes a potent argument in favor of a system of general education which shall train the morals of the nation as well as the business qualities." Mrs. Henry Vedomeer, of Hatfield, Mass., a German woman forty years old and very strong, because her father-in-law, an old man of eighty, remonstrated with her -when she dragged her stepdaughter about by the hair, flew at him. and knocked him down, and beat him unmercifully. Her husband appearing on the scene she bombarded him with a stick of wood, dishes, chairs, &c, and now she wants them both arrested for assault. The boys in McDonough's school in. Baltimore annually visit the grave of that deceased millionaire and cover it with flowers- This is in accordance with the provisions of John McDonou°-h's will. The ceremony was recently performed. The St. Louis Eepublicaii' thinks it strange that in the cases of "conscience money" only small sums are returned, the lar°-e stealings, especially from the Government, being never heard from. The only reason is that the stolen money which is ever returned comes mainly through the confessional from Catholics, and they do not furnish the wholesale stealers. A Catholic University for the United States.— <LePropa°-ateur Catholiqne/ the French Catholic organ at New Orleans, asks When shall we have a veritable Catholic University in the United States Each year sees us augment the number of our colleges, which appropriate the prerogative of conferring diplomas, and style themselves Universities.' But, in truth, there is not yet a Catholic institution which may be recognised by all in this country as a grand centre for imparting the highest culture. In order to make tho progress of whicli we are capable, we need to possess such an establishment, the advantages of which will bo immense for the cause of education." A young lady in Washington county, N.Y., beautiful and well educated, and the owner of an §8,000 farm in her own right, says that when she is married the wedding expenses, including her dresses, shall not cost over S 68, and that she will make her husband happier than any city belle can, who takes off four chairs full of padding at night, and cannot go to a party wearing a dress that cost under §140. A curious blunder is said to havo occurred at Scribner's publishing house recently. An advertisement of four lines was sent out to one hundred newspapers, with instructions to spread over eight lines" it should have read, biit the clerk wrote it eight inches, and the consequence was startling. The article advertised was the Baltimore Bonapartes," and the different printing offices taxed their ingenuity and type fonts to spread so few words over so large a space. The resxilt was that orders poured in at such a rate that a new edition had to be printed. Irishmen in the Colonies.— We (Cork paper) have been favored by a gentleman residing in llais city with the exfract from a letter he has received from a worthy Trish priest, a friend of his, who is in charge of a parish in Xcw Zealand "Though an exile, I would not leave my place of eile on any account. In climate, soil, and scenery, New Zealand far exceeds even Ireland. My congregation here consists almost entirely of Irishmen, more than independent, even without an exception, generous in the extreme, and full of faith and zeal for the beauty of God's house. They number about 3000." Cardinal Manning computes the Catholic children of London of schoolable age at thirty-three thousand. Of these, twenty-five thousand aie enrollo 1 in tlie parochial schools, of which there are one hundred and sixty-seven within tho corporate limits of London. There are 1711 Irish ofliccrs in tho English army and only 309 Scotch. It was customary, before the 20th September, 1870, for the Roman municipality to offer i chalico annually to tho Holy Father for the use of one or other of the churches at Rome. Since that period this duty has been discharged by the Society for Catholic Interests, and on the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul a deputation of that Society waited on his Holiness at the Vatican and presented him with a magnificent gold chalice. An exchange says an lowa man is -writing a new Bible. The old one has failed to guide the average lowan into the paths of peace, and the commandment, Thou shalt do no murder," has provoked so much hostility among the upper classes that the editor has decided to omit it. It is vaguely hinted that the whole chapter from Exodus will be modified for family use. A very large monastery is being rapidly prepared for the Jesuits at Cmcmuati. Two hundred of the fathers of this order, expatriated from Germany, are expected m that city at an early dale. This house will ,be the head-quarters of the Order in the West, whence the fathers will be sent wherever they are most needed. The Western 'Catholic,' of Chicago, says that tlie Board of Education of that city intend to do the Catholics justice by <nvhi" them a pro rala division of the School Fund. to His Holiness the Pope and Marshal MacMahon have recently been conducting a mutually pleasant correspondence. In response a l°r tte L rC Iceivcd1 ceivcd on Ms 82nd bil "<Aday, Pius IX replied to Marshal MacMahon in his own hand, a compliment not often bestowed by the Sovereign Pontiff. Escape of the Bishop of Padcrbom.— The dispatches say that Bishop Martin, of Paderborn, who escaped from Wesel, had arrived eatery at Vanloo, m Holland, on his -way to Eome. A very accommodating- Sultan.— The following waif is floating along the Literary stream, and is to good to be lost "I trust," said the Archbishop of Canterbury to tlie Sultan of Zanzibar, "that your Highness will not object to British missionaries having access to your dominions." Certainly not," the Sultan replied. I think no obstacle should be placed in the way of so great an event as the English being brought to the knowledge of tlie true faith Let them come, and my learned men shall instruct them The Catholics of Kimberly (South African Diamond Fclds)

intend to forward, for presentation to the Pope, sixteen picked diamonds, as a tokea of their veneration and esteem. The valuable parcel will be accompanied with an address, expressive of their deep attachment to his Holiness, Head of the Church. France has paid a just debt in the erection of a statue to the illustrious Lacordaire. It is pleasant to learn that Ireland, says the Dublin Nation/ was not unrepresented at this ceremony, the Coadjutor Bishop of Trinidad, a distinguished Irishman, having been one of the chief assistants and the fact of his lordship's presence was, it seems, pointedly alluded to by the orator of the day, the Very Rev, Pere Choca,rne. Catholic Mission to the Cubans. A correspondent in Key West of the Now York Herald writes "At the extreme southern point of this American Republic, on a rugged reef, just off the southwest coast of Florida, named originally by the Spaniards Cayo Huesco," but lately corrupted by our American settlers to Key "West," there exists a colony of over 3,000 Cubans, men an#* women, exiles from their native country because of their patriotic sympathies. The Eev. Fathers Allard and la Eoque, both of Canada, have labored during the last six years among these people with true apostolic zeal, and are satisfied with the result thus far of their efforts to revive among their Cuban congregation the old devotion and old Christian spirit so essentially a feature of the Spanish race. Spanish Catholics are about to erect a magnificent church on Broadway, near Mason-street, San Francisco. Bishop Gross is soon to establish a paper to Savannah, Gra., to be called The Southern Cross." In New Jersey there has been instituted a number of Know Nothing Lodges under the title of the "Order of "76." The organization is secret, political and hostile to foreigners and Catholics. O'Connell Celebrations in Britain. The day was observed with enthusiasm at Bradford and at Grlasgow in Scotland. In London the day was celebrated by a banquet at the Cannon-street Hotel, and his Eminence Cardinal Manning ordered a Te Deuin to be sung in all the churches of the Archiepiscopal Diocese for the blessings resulting from O'Connell's labors." At the O'Connell Centenary in Boston, U.S., John Boyle O'Reilly read a poem, from -which we take the following A nation's greatness lies in men, not acres One master mind is worth a million hands. No kingly robes have marked the planet bhakers, But Sampson's strength to burst the ajyesi' bands The mijjlit of empire gives no crown supernal Athens k here— but where is Maecdon? A dozen lives make Greece and Rome eternal, And Ireland's fame might safely rest on One. Ammergati. It is announced from the Oberammergan that the colossal group of the Crucifixion, sculptured in marble, which is the gift of King Louis, has just been successfully erected on the highest point over the stage of the Passion Play. The expenses of transport alone amounted to 20,000 gulden (over ,£17,000). For the inauguration of this great work the people of Oberaminergau intend to perform the ''School of the Cross" (Kreuzschuie), an undertakigg in which about 200 persons will take part. The following days have been appointed far the performance 20, 27, June; 4,11,18, 25, July; 1, 8, 22, August; and 5, 12, 19,26, September. It is worthy of observing that, in former years, the School of the Cross was considered to be even more attractive than the Passion Play itself. The New Archbishop of Cashel. The appointment of the Right Hey. Dr. Croko, formerly the distinguished and beloved President of St. Cole man's College, Fermoy, and latterly Bishop of Auckland, New Zealand, to the Archbishopric of Cashel, in room of the late Most Eev. Dr. Leahy, has been heard of with the greatest possible pleasure by every one who happens to know the learned and eloquent ecclesiastic. Value of Land. The extensive estates in the county Meath of Isabella Domvillo, (owner and petitioner in the Landed Estates Courts), were recently sold by private contract to Messrs French and Argyes, solicitors in trust for Mr. J. R. Dunvillo, of Belfast, the purchase money being £57,000. Rev. M. E. Campion, Pastor of St. Mary's Church, Lafayette, Ind., has turned his face squarely against round dances. On a recent occasion he remarked "No one knows as well as the priest of tho Church of God how many souls have gone to eternal perdition through the sins growing out of promiscuous dances. If the confessional coul speak, how many a sad tole of a misstep and a fall in life would find its initial point in this sin The .Church, through tho Council of Baltimore, approved by the Council at Eomo, inspired by the Holy Ghosr, bad spoken against it in strong and decided terms and in tones which gave no uncertain sound." A correspondent of the London Tablet writes in tho "glorious display of steadfast constancy, and invincible patience in defence of the Faith which the wild blundering of tho Bismarck-Falck persecution has brought out Once more it has been si" own that Nor stony towers, nor -walls of beaten brass, Nor airless dungeons, nor strong links of iron Can be repressive to tho strength of spirit What a lesson the Prussian Bishops, and Priests, and Monks, and Nuns are giving to that sordid materialism of the age which predominates in the Parliament of Berlin In the grovelling minds of their majorities, the idea of a man being ready and -willing to sacrifice his liberty and his money for conscience sake is utterly incomprehensible and their persecuting laws arc framed expressly on the shameful assumption of the negation of conscience and are, therefore, no less insulting than th?y are wrongful and cruel." The Jesuits have opened a very beautiful church at Oxford, England. It is in the G-othic style of architure, and pronounced very fine even in that city of glorious but desecrated churches. In Cjnada the centenary day was celebrated at Ottawa, where Ecv. Dr. O'Eeilly, of Dublin, preached an eloquent sermon on tho Liberator in Notre Dame Cathedral to about five thousand persons. In Montreal a procession took place, which was attended by ten,

thousand persons. Processions aLso took place at Toronto, -whore the orator of the day was the Rev. Gh W. Kepper, of Ohio, aud Halifax, N.S., where it was a larger parade than had over been Avitnessed. The Union Free Company aud all the Irish societies participated, accompanied by seven bauds of music. At Quebec there were excursions and a grand concert in the evening. According to the Central Swiss' of Uui, a proposal will be sent to the Landesgemeinde to delay the restoration of Williajn Tell's chapel on the Lake of the Four Cantons, and drape it black until the day when the Catholics of Switzerland shall have entirely regained their social and religious rights. This symbol of mourning will apprise the innumerable tourists who annually visit the chapel, that a large section of the community is oppressed and outlawed. Central Ireland Railway Extension, Maryborough. The Waterford and Kilkenny and Central Ireland Railway Companies are now recommencing the extension of the new line to Mullingar from Maryk*TOrough, and are determined to vigorously carry on the works until their completion, being now in a first-rate position to do so. Already the line is blocked out to a distance of some three-quarters of a mile from Maryborough, under the superintendence of Mr. Galway, the company's engineer. The intended new line from Maryborough to Mullingar in 33 miles in length, and will take in its passage the important trading towns of Mount in click, Genshill, Philipstown, where it meets the Grand Canal, and so into Mullingar will connect Waterford and Kilkenny by direct and short railway communication with Gralway, Ballinasloe, Castlebar, West port, Carrick-on-Shaunon, Sligo, Longford, Cavan, Enniskilleu, Londonderry, Armagh, Lurgan, Belfast, &c, and will thoroughly open up railway traffic through the centre of Ireland for the benefit of the public. His Eminence Cardinal Manning attended the second fele of the London Catholic Total Abstinence League of the Cross, at the Crystal Palace. Upwards of 12,000 Catholics were present. The cardinal made a remarkable and beautiful speech on this occasion. lie entreated fathers and mothers to bring up their children without tasting intoxicating liquor, so that when they were grown they would not so easily fall into temptation. It is very rare to sec in England ■=o large a crowd of Catholics assembled in one place, and the fele at fche Crystal Palace was one of the most brilliant events of the season, and one which shows in a most conspicuous manner the progress made within the past few years. A Curious Conversion.— Miss Hodges, a member of a Protestant sisterhood which went out to India on missionary work intent was received into the Catholic Church at Bandora, on the twentieth of last June. She has entered the Convent of the Daughters of tho Cross, and will there do in good earnest the work which she found she had previously been playing at. An American Catholic University. The prosperous career of tho Catholic Church in America is the periodical theme of tho press. On every side we see the lofty spires of churches adjacent to which we find Colleges, Seminaries and schools of every grade for Catholic youth, but there is yet one important enterprise towards the inauguration of which no steps have yet been taken, and that is an American University. A Specimen of Sectarian Slang. A Bible-banger named Hancock no relation to John Hancock, of Roanokc— was recei tly invited to present the prizes won by the common school scholars of Buffalo, U.Y. Here, says the Sentinel,' is an extract that smacks of sectarian slang about as strong as anything we ever encountered While priest-ridden Italy rises to rid itself of this odious and ignorant despotism, do mitred fools suppose that America, the land of the ircc, and the home of religious liberty, is about to bow its neck to this effete and hatred tyranny Under God we need not fear the issue. The world, thank God, is to far onwards its better day to weakly and tamely sell its birthrights of education and freedom for these lentils of Bupersition and ignorance." If any readers of the Sentinel' are asked why they do not send their children to the public schools, just point to this extract, and tell your interrogator that there are too many Hancocks connected with them, and Catholics refuse longer to be insulted by such evangelical ignoramuses. An Incident of the Dublin Procession. The procession rolling on swallows up the statue of Iving William. The great Orangemen lets the crowd go by, and their tall banners flout him as they pass, a thing to wake a soul of rage under the bronze ribs of the proud, cold Dutchman. Worse, indeed, happens, fora daring street Arab, scaling Pglhe pedestal, clambers by sword aud crupper, on to the back of the charger, and deliberately crowns tho monarch with a chaplet of green. Tho 'London Tablet' reports that the second son of the Grand Lama of Thibet has arrived in Paris. He is accompanied by a French Catholic missionary, and will, it is said, embrace Christianity. His Eminence Cardinal Manning made a very notable speech at the exhibition day at St. Edmund's College, Ware. He advocated, above all things, tho thorough mastering of the English grammar. He thought that sufficient care could not bo paid to the teaching and learning of the mother tongue, which was apt to be too much neglected in the present century. There arc," &aid ho, a great many people who can construe Homer aud Perseus, but who cannot pen a simple English sentence." Dr. Crokn, the now archbishop of Cash el, preached in the Dublin Cathedral on O'Connell the Liberator. Four archbishops, 40 bishops and 500 pric&ts participated in the ceremonies, which were very imposing and impressive. The cathedral was immensely crowded and tho music was magnificent. The Vancoviver 'Register 3 very justly says "Lafayette Lane, the Democratic candidate for Congress in Oregon, is a Catholic, and for that reason certain opposition papers think ho ought to bo defeated. They have evidently lost sight of the fact that America is a free country, whore a man possesses the unquestioned right to commune with his God in any manner he chooses. Is Mr. Lane undeserving of the confidence of the people simply because he is a Catholic We hope newspaper men in our neighboring State will not not forget what is due to the profession and themselves by descending to such depths of meanness as to parade a candidate's

religion before the people as a crime for which he should be made to answer at the polls. At Bologna, the great Association of the Catholic Youth of Italy" have resolved in honor of the anniversary to found an O'Connell League for the promotion of free education for Catholics, and at Genoa a committee has been formed for the purpose of erecting a tablet or bust in the Hotel Feder -where O'Connell died. The foot and mouth disease has broken out with great violence in Dorsetshire, England, where 12,000 animals are down. The distemper is spreading rapidly to other parts of England. Thcxe are 1600 convents and monasteries, inhabited by 21,000 monks and nuns, in Belgium. The income of the religious orders in that kingdom is one hundred millions of dollars. Catholicity in Wales. On August 19, a fine and costly new Catholic church was opened at Aberystwith. It is dedicated to our Lady of the Angels and St. Winefred. His Eminence Cardinal Manning presided at a Pontifical High Mass, and the Right Rev. Bishop Hecllcy preached in the evening. The whole proceedings were most gorgeous and imposing. Increase of Drunkenness. All judicious authorities agree that drunkenness is the main source and cause of crime in Ireland, and the inspectors general of prisons in that country call attention in their reports for the past year, just issued, to the progressive increase in the number of commitments to county and "borough jails for that vice since 18G7. Some time ago the Prussian Government prohibited the circulation in that country of the Yolkzeitung/ a Catholic paper of Baltimore. Finding or supposing it to be still distributed under the name of the 'Freie Presse,' the Government has issued an. order forbidding the circulation of that paper also. Monsignor Eoncetti and the Eev. Dr. Übaldi, o£ the Papal Legation, have sailed. They went down the Bay accompanied by two or three hundred of the New York Clergy and the Vicar-Generals Quimi and Preston. All united in a hearty God speed to the distinguished visitors, whoso visit and its cause will long be remembered with pleasure by the Catholics of America. 1 he following appeal lias lately been made to the Catholics of the States in behalf the great association that has done so much towards furnishing means for the spread oi' the faith in that country :—"I: "I extremely regret being obliged to inform you tlrit the receipts of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith' are by no means equal to those of the previous year a fact the more painful as the necessities of the missions are constantly increasing, aggravated ns they are, in many places, by persecution and spoliation so that a very notable increase of resources would be necessary to correspond even partially to the demands upon the Society. Paris, Aug. 28. It is scmi-oflicinlly announced hero that in consequence of the unanimous wish of l<Yance, there is now every reason to hope that the Catholics of Germany will make no pilgrimige in France. Concerning this subject a London dispatch says: "The Times correspondent at Berlin telegraphs that the Pope has sent; his special blessing to the promoters of the Catholic pilgrimage to Franco, and it seems certain that the project will be carried out. To avoid collisions the pilgrims will leave Germany one by one, and the rendezvous will bo at itons and Paris. The committee formed for the purpose of raising a sum of money, as the offering of laymen, to be presented to the Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster on his elevation to the CardinakUe-atteuded at Archbishop's House, when the Duke of Norfolk, in the name of the subscribers, Landed to his Eminence a- sum amounting to nearly £6,500. Guvan Duffy is announced to*leavo Ireland at the end of August and proceed to the French and Gorman Spas. Towards winter he will sojourn in Nice, and thei in Egypt and may early next year leave for Melbourne, Australia, to bring Lady Duffy and family to Ireland. Dr. Hayes, the Arctic explorer, publishes a call for aid to tho suffering Icelanders. He says that starvation will surely be upon them this winter unless assistance is rendered. One-third of the whole country of Iceland is rendered uninhabitable by the recent eruption of a volcano. The Univers,' of Paris, announces the intended marriage of King Alphonso of Spain to the eldest daughter of the Duke de Montpcn&ier. Forest fires have swept thousands of acres of tinober in Decalur mining district, Utah. The miners save themselves by "abandoning their cabins and taking refuge in the tunnels and shafts. Dr. J. R. iEiycs, a Pennsylvania Irish-American, has successfully invented a machine for pressing coal dust into fuel. On its first trial a ton of coal was made out of dust in six minutes. O'Kourk's Castle. The crumbling remains of a portion of this historic structure, from which Dermod MacMorough is said to have taken his (the Prince of Breffny's) wife, which event is pronounced to bo the first invasion of Ireland, is permitted to pass into oblivion, like others of our antiquated reminiscences, without an effort to stay the canker of decay and spoliation. The member of the county (Leitrim) would be acting in accordance with the wishes of many by bringing this matter under notice of tlic^comuiisaioncr for the presentation of old ruins. A complete through communication between Connemara and tho coast of Clare has been established, connecting Westport with Galway, via G'lii'den and Oughterard or Cong and Galway with Kilkee via Ballyvaughan, Lisdoonvarna, and tho Cliffs of Mohcr, which, in conjunction with the system of railway coupons, enables the tourist to visit the whole of the grand mountain, lake, and ocean cliff scenery of the West of Ireland. Is the Church worth preserving The Overland Mail has tho following Many ready answers have been given to Mr. Gladstone's question. 'Is the Chtu'ch of England worth preserving?' True lovers of the Establishment may, perhaps, be tempted to respond, Yes, certainly it is but not in its p- csent jars' ",'j The agricultural classes in Fermanagh and tho neighboring counties are pronouueed to be in a deplorable state of misery, wlailo

the cabins in which they are forced to dwell are said to be unfit for "beasts, let alone human beings, and it is all owing to landlordism." The Orangemen at Knocknianoul, on July 12, adopted a resolution demanding a Convent bill, which would give "liberty to the large number of uncondemned captives," who they say, are pining in those terrible places, the Convents of Ireland. Church Preservation. Mr. Gladstone (as butler) Please, 'M, is the Church of England worth preserving?" Britannia: "Worth preserving Dear me, William, don't you know it's been in a picMo this ever so long Punch- O'Connell's tomb at Glasnevin was decorated for the celebration. Mr. F. 11. O'Donnell, on being brought up for examination before the London Court of Bankruptcy, a few weeks ago, attributed his unfortionate position to expenses connected with two contested Parliamentary elections in 1874 for that borough. A megalithic monument has been recently explored by Mr. Wakeinan, Hon. Sec. of the Eoyal Histox*ical and Archcelogical Association for Enniskillen. The contents of this grave, which is situate on the picturesque bill of Knockninny, on the property of J. Gr. V. Porter, of Belleislc, were simply bones, some human, others of deer, sheep, oxen, pigs, liares, &c, &c, all of which exhibited traces of tbo action of fire. Amongst the boiies which seemed huddled together in utter disordoi* occurred many pieces of charcoal. The human remains were quite fragmentary, and consisted principally of portions of crania and lower jaws. Chief -Justice Whitesido, in his address to the Grand Jury at Lifford, July 17, said As he look around him. on his way through the country he selw nothing but marks of prosperity and abundance, while they enjoyed a climate that any country in Europe might envy." Cardinal Manning speaking at St. Edmund's College, Ware, expressed his joy sit seeing so many lay scholars, and very beautifully observed "We want good Catholic laymen we want laymen in the world who will live the lives of good priests, and to show Protestants that the Catholic faith is not a professional act, but it is the act of a man penetrated through and through with his faith, for which he would give his life." Uobert W. Lowry, J.P. to Anhim, applied recently to the Court of Chancery, for an injunction io prevent a number of Catholics from di *°in fT turf on the Pomcry estate. The matter came up a few weeks ago for hearing at the Vice-C hancellor's court, and resulted in lav or of defendants, plaintiff being mulcted in all costs On the announcement of the decision large bonfires were kindled to commemorate the victory. Cardinal Manning, speaking recently to an American visitor of the condition of the Catholic Church and people in England, said that although the oldest of the nobility were Catholics, they were but few in number, and the mass of the people were poor, but be mentioned that the Duke of Norfolk, on attaining his majority, built a church which cost £SC,OOO sterling, which, ho remarked, was not more than some others would lose on a horse race. The Vaterland has published some articles referring to the celebration of the Centenary of O'Connell, full of sympathy for the Catholic people of Ireland. They point out that O'Connell was not inei'cly a religious niau nor an undenominational politician, or mere nationalist but an entire man, who knew how to combine in an harmonious whole religious, political, and national sentiments. It invites the Catholic patriots of Austria, as well as of till countries, to cdebrate the Centenary of this Catholic patriot, from whom dates a new era of civil and religious freedom. A grand banquet was given by the Lord Mayon of Dublin, daring the O'Connell Centennial celebration, at which Mrs. IFitzsimon, of Glencullen, and the only living daughter of tlic Liberator, appeared in one of the galleries, accompanied by the Lady Mayoress and her daughter, and a numerous party of distinguished ladies. Her presencewas°hailed with enthusiastic cheers. This is the stylo in which Col. Baker's dismissal from the army was officially announced "Lieutenant Colonel and Brevet Colonel Valentine Baker, late Tenth If ussars, has been removed fron the army, her Majesty having no further occasion for his services. Dated Aug. 2, 1875." It is said that every steamer from China now lands one thousand Chinamen at San Francisco.

Thomas Sarsfield, a prominent Irish nationalist, connected with, the revolutionary movement in Dublin in 1865-7, and whose activity and influence at length brought down his enemies bo powerfully against him that he was obliged to leave the country, died at the residence of his sister, No. 876 Lexington avenue, New York, on the 23rd inst at the age of thirty-one years. mm m




NZ Tablet 27 June 1907 p27


(From our own correspondent.) Dublin, April, 1907 v Death of a Popular Entertainer. A short time -ago there passed away in an English village «a man who. was once very popular both in England and in his native Country— Valentine Vousden —supposed by most -people to have died" twenty long, years ago, sot utterly did the gifted but unfortunate genius fade from public life for a genius Valentine Vousden undoubtedly was. The son -of bumble people who lived near the old Theatre Royal, Dublin', Vou'&den became, while s-till a mere boy, one of the most brilliant and most successful variety entertainers in the kingdom. He composed his own songs 1 many of thorn admirable, and the entire of his entertainments, which consisted of character sketches^ songs, dances, etc., in which, unaided by any other .performer, he held vast audiences delighted for hours at a time, and the most remarkable feature of his performances was that, while wit and pathos and humour sparkled in every line he spoke, every character he represented, one coarse, one vulgar word or look or gesture never could be suggested, the most innocent child could be brought to see and hear Valentine Vousden, the once poor little Dublin errand boy, who, as a man on the public stage, was refinement itself no sign of what disgusts us as the '.stage Irishman about him, a true son of the soil. I once saw him, and I shall never forget my delight in the blythe, frolicking, witty actor, the genial, honest, pure heart that shone through all. Who that ever saw him could forget Kitty Coyle from Cork's own town, when telling her story, as she idled a Vit at the hall door and coyly twisted a cornea of tier apron and gave a sly side-glance now and then Or the G-alway squire, whose horse you saw under him as he -galloped to hounds or the Dublin jarvey, describing T.C.D., and everything else on the way as you drove through Dublin with him.Poor Vousden He' who once earned thousands in the year went through, dire poverty for a time, biit his son was, happily, able to provide a home for hdm in the closing years of his life. (A son> of the deceased was on a professional tour in New Zealand a few years ago.)





NZ Tablet 8 Nov. 1878 p7



Recently the Council of the Zoological Gardens entertained a number of guests, including several distinguished members of the British Association, at breakfast, which was laid out in one of the jnosl enjoyable spots of the gardens, the acquarium. Mr, John Lentaigne, D.L., presided. After breakfast, which went on amidst a pleasant clatter of voices. The Chairman bade the company welcome in the name of the Zoological Society of Ireland, and called upon the Key. Dr. Haughton. The Rev. Dr. Haughton said Mr. President and gentlemen, we welcome to the Zoological Gardens of the city of Dublin this morning, for third time, the British Association. On the last occasion, in 1857, the position of secretary, which I now occupy, was held by the genial and gifted Dr. Robert Ball, so long and so well known as the skilful t secretary of this society. lam happy to say that although he has passed away having died in the same year in which the Association then met the society to which he belonged is represented amongst us in the persons of his three sons Dr. Robert Ball, the distinguished Astronomer Royal a medical doctor, residing in Wales and a geological son (laughter), who holds an important post in the geological survey of India. Without meaning any disparagement of his two other sons, I would wish to say that Valentine Ball inherits, mentally and physically, the most characteristic features of his father's mind and body. His gentle, kindly nature his intense love of animals, and, at the same time, his ardent desire to shoot them and keep their skulls (laughter), marks him out as his father's son, while in solid cubical contents of body he not only excels his father, but many in this room (laughter). If anything could persuade me to become a convert to Mr. Darwin's theory it is my knowledge of the fact that the treasurers and secretaries of so peculiar an institution as these j Zoological Gardens have continued to be made by natural selection. Most other gardens are maintained chiefly for the purpose of showing live animals as neaT as possible in a state of nature to those who have no opportunity of seeing them in their own countries. Now, our society, though possessing many valuable animals, won't compare for a moment with other zoological gardens that you know of yet it has many interesting peculiarities of its own, which I will endeavour to point out. The Zoological Gardens of Dublin are maintained for the purpose of keeping up an institution which we call the zoological breakfast (laughter), of which you have had a specimen this morning (laughter), and its success has been so brilliant that my friend Dr. Lawson Tate, whom I am happy to number among our guests to-day, is possessed of a spirit of laudable emulation to establish zoological gardens at Birmingham with the object of having zoological breakfasts (Laughter). I therefore prefer on the present occasion, instead of speaking of the animals, with which our visitors are better acquainted than I am, to refer to the peculiarities of the society itself and its council. The society in the first place is extremely poor, and has a large number of animals to feed, and the country gentlemen of Ireland, let me add, are extremely shabby in their support of it, yet they expect to have zoological gardens for their wives and children to go to when they come to Dublin. The result is to throw most'of the expense upon the citizens of Dublin, who have done their duty always well by the society (hear, hear). Gentlemen, as you can easily imagine in such a peculiar institution, the treasurer and secretary must be peculiar men (laughter). First with respect to our treasurer, he must pay his trademen with I 0 U's, and afterwards abuse them when they ask for their money (laughter). This has gone so far at times that our poverty became notorious, and not a bank in Dublin would discount our bills. What was to be done 1 The treasurer and I went as a deputation to the Bank of Ireland, and we asked for a loan of £200, which, to our great surprise, was refused (laughter). A happy thought then occurred to me to offer to deposit a live tiger with the bank as a pledge (loud laughter). For some strange reason the offer was declined, but we got the loan of £200. Our excellent treasurer, Mr. Maxwell Hutton, who has an hereditary Btrain of financial talent, derived from his father, who was our former treasurer, now supports me as purse-bearer, as his father supported my predecessor. Before proceeding to the special duty of the morning, I will recall one or two facts taken at random from the history the many financial crises through which these gardens have passed which will give you some idea of the extraordinary shifts to which the secretary and treasurer have been occasionally put to provide the necessary funds for feeding their large stock of pets. We had H leopardess which had been caged in the garden for well-nigh seven~teen years. She was in excellent health and condition for an animal of that age. Gentlemen, I advertised that leopardess for sale, and named her price, £30. I received several offers of £25, but wrote in reply that the market for leopardesses was rising, and that these interesting animals no longer continued to look down (laughter), and that my next advertisement would raise the rate to £35, Upon this I was favoured with several offers to take the leopardess all of which offers except one contained a very unpleasant inquiry about the animal's age. But by the blessing of Providence one letter made no allusion to this rather delicate subject (laughter). I sent off the animal at once, and received on her arrival a single line by telegraph, expressed in words that show me that the sender, if an Englishman, must have had a strong dash of Irish blood in his body. The words were these Mr. So-and-so, animal dealer, to the Rev. Dr. Haughton" (every one is particular about the leverend in addressing me) She is as old as the devil (loud laughter). I leave it to moralists to say why persons who are ordinarily truthful and honest in dealings about soap, candles (laughter), tobacco, timber, or slates become utterly demoralised when engaged in the barter of live animals. If I had time I might enter on the discussion of this by myself, but not having time, perhaps some of the statisticans of Section F will take up the question which I now throw out for their consideration (laughter). For myself, I can only say that I was virtuously brought up, had the advantage of a pious mother, and can still repeat my catechism but I feel as the result of my twenty years' connection with this garden, that partly from the pinch of poverty, and partly from the demoralisation connected witu the sale oi animals (laughter),

my moral sense has been dwarfed not a little. All I can say in eelfjustification is that if the secretary of the Dublin Zoological Gardens sold his leopardess, and also sold the buyer of the leopardess, he did it with the full knowledge of the fact that the dealer would have sold me if he could (loud laughter). Another story to illustrate our many difficulties. I told you before that our country gentlemen are not liberal in the support of the Zoological Gardens, and I resolved to turn an honest penny on them, I, therefore, crossed a line breed of Australian dingoes with Labrador water dogs, and I advertised splendid watch-dog pups for sale (laughter). I sold them off at two guineas each, until our funds were again replenished. All went well while the dogs were pups, but when the brutes grew up and the wild strain of the sheep-killing blood burst out, accounts appeared in the newspapers of strange, wild-looking animals in Clare, Mayo, and Roscommon slaughtering the sheep (laughter). There is a gentleman in this room now who knows a farmer, twelve of whose sheep were killed by one of these wonderful watch-dogs (laughter). As soon as the sale ceased I thought it better to stop the breeding of the dogs, and I made a clean breast of the whole business at an annual meeting of our society, informing my friends that they need be no longer alarmed, as the sale had provided sufficient funds for the time to relieve our difficulties, and savp us from resorting to this expedient. Some time ago, considering the danger to my morals involved iv filling the office of secretary, I had some thoughts of resigning it, and I consulted with a clerical friend in whose piety and wisdom I had much confidence. He told me it was a difficult case not provided for in the books (laughter). He thought if my health allowed it I might keep the place for some time longer, but he advised me, as a friend, to retire from it some time before death, to give time for repentance (laughter). In considering the best means of entertaining our friends of the British Association, during the present visit, it was resolved by the council to collect in our gardens a number of the various breeds of men that they should be gathered into this aquarium, acd I should act the part of showman and exhibit them to you. As specimens of the true English breed J offer Mr. Spottiswoode, the President of the British Association, and the Presidentelect of the Royal Society of London, Sir Joseph Hooker, the existing President of the Royal Society, and our friend Professor Huxley, whom we welcome here if possible with more cordiality than any other person, in consequence of the substantial service he rendered to our gardens ten years ago, when he acted as a member of the commission to report upon the scientific institutions of Ireland. Doctor Sterryhunt well represents Canada, and America is equally well represented by Professor Cope its medical school by Doctor Daily, of Pittsburgh. I also intend to show you some specimens of Irishmen, and as one of the true Irish breed I have to introduce my friend Dr. Kavanagh, President of Carlow College, a descendant of the M'Dermott Murroughs, the ancient kings of Ireland. Dr. Kayanagh informs me that his grandmother was an Englishwoman. This accounts for some of the few defects in his character (laughter). A. word or two on another breed the Anglo-Irish. The first peculiarity about them is that they are more Irish than the Irish themselves. We all come from pure-bred Englishmen. I myself came from Lancashire. I don't know what invasion I came over with (laughter). Others came over with Cromwell, and cut throats with Cromwell. And this also they are proud of, and they would cut any man's throat now who would seek to injure an Irishman (laughter). As to those who came over with William the Dutchman, take the skin off them andjyou will find that they, too, are true Irish. There is another class, one that is not yet fully developed, a class about which my friend the Attorney. General knows more about than I do I mean those who came over with Sir Michael Hicks-Beach (laughter) and Jimmie Lowther (laughter). And I here offer my best thanks to the Government for at last sending us a secretary with a nickname (laughter). There must be something good about a fellow who is called Jimmie, although as Judge Morris said on one occasion, it would sound strange to call his predecessor Mickey (laughter). There is a future before Ireland, arising out of this extraordinary power of assimilation, that the Irish race possesses. The Irish women are so beautiful that the Englishmen can't help admiring them (hear, hear) and their children become Irish. From American statistics I learn that the Irish women in America are far more prolific than the native American women in fact, we will gradually work them out (laughter). And when the day comes when the control of the world has passod from England to America, it will pass into the hands of the genial Irish race. I would take this opportunity of saying a few words on lan important subject. I take the opportunity of saying, in the name of every Irishman of culture and education present at this British. Association meeting, we offer our best thanks to the present Government for their Intermediate Education Bill. I believe I know largely the feelings of my educated fellow-countrymen, and I believe the bill itself, and above all the wisdom and skill shown in the choice of the commissioners to work the bill, shows that some one was behind the scenes one who knew Ireland, not merely in dark holes and corners, but who knew every part of Ireland, Ulster, Munster, Leinster, and Connaught and I venture to say that the public will never know how many obligations they owe to my old friend the Attorney-General for Ireland and member for the University (applause). I believe that Ireland will soon have happier and more prosperous times, and we hail with gratitude this offer of friendship in the shape of aligner ectucationfrom the English people (applause). Weekly I&ecma?i.







July 1935 Evening Post

Of Greater London's population, one person in every forty is either Scottish or Irish. , there are only 101,872 Scots as compared with 86,741 from the Irish Free State.


Irish Folklore Auckland Star 11-3-1935

FREE STATE CAMPAIGN. DUBLIN, March 10. 1935. The Irish Free State Government has appointed a commission to collect oral and written folk lore. It has authority to expend £3250 a year for five years. Collectors will travel through the country with machines and record stories, songs and old people's recollections of Irish life, customs and traditions.


Evening Post 24 Feb. 1937


LONDON, February 23, 1937

Commander Thomas. Hyde, of O'Duffy's Irish Brigade and formerly serving in the Irish Republican and Free State Armies,’ was killed in action on' the Madrid front. He was 40 years old, and unmarried.



FEILDING Star 27 Dec. 1901.

THE IRISH PARTY. December 26 Mr Redmond has formed an Irish League in America similar to the old Land League.. The executive has issued an appeal for funds to regain their independence.


NZ Tablet 11 Oct. 1873 p 13


New York Tribune.' Weak are the ways of statesmanship," and especially of English statesmanship," so far as all Irish affairs are concerned. We are glad to seize the opportunity to direct attention more to phases of English effort to deal with the problem of Irish education. The Irish youth, it seems, are not to know Irish history What would be thought of an American school system which took care that the pupils should know nothing of American history Of course, the cases from one point of view are not alike but the question is, whether an Irishman has not; a right to be acquainted with the history of his country? Irish history cannot be legally taught in Irish schools! Now, the shame of this is that it is keeping up, in a small way, the numerous and outrageous provisions of the old Irish Code, with all its harassing details, and with all its sanguinary penalties. Why shouldn't Irish history be taught in Irish schools? Why should English statesmen be so shamefaced about the sins of their ancestors To us this seems the greater folly because we believe that an Irishman well read in Irish history would be infinitely more likely to be a good citizen. An Irish school which does not teach Irish history is an anomaly and an anachronism.



Observer 26 July 1890 p 4

An Old Irish Prophecy.

An old Irish prophecy declares that when an O'Doherty rules in Derry and an O'Donnell in Raphoe, Ireland will be free. Old Irish prophecies have before now been verified by events, and it is certainly curious that Dr O'Doherty has just been consecrated Bishop of the diocese of Derry, in St Eugene's Cathedral, Derry, and that the preacher on the occasion was Dr O'Donnell, the Bishop of Raphoe.



Hawera & Normanby Star 27 Dec. 1919.


"Molly Entangled /5 showing to-night and featuring Vivian Martin, presents a true picture of the land of the Shamrock. There are thatched houses, the smithy and the old Irish fiddler; there are colleens and Irish dances, and there is a little bit of real Irish fighting, too. But, best of all, there is real lrish romance. Love at once, tender and refreshing.



Evening Post 2 Dec. 1916 p14


The Irish soldier has always yielded to the magic of the bagpipes in war. in 1745, for instance, the Irish Brigade in the service of France, which included the old Irish Guards of James 11., marched on to the field of Fontenoy to the skirl of the pipes. Yet in Ireland herself little was heard of the instrument after the Revolution of 1688 until its revival over 30 years ago. The old Irish Volunteers and the old 90th Irish Light Infantry had bands of pipers, but they disappeared, and it is to the Militia of Ireland, now known as the Special Reserve, that the Irish soldier is indebted for the restoration of the pipe in its place of honour in the Army.



Evening Post 27 Jan. 1938 p21



There is nothing in-all the world quite like the music of Ireland those sweet, sentimental ballads and traditional songs, that for generations past have never .failed to’ inspire and warm Irish hearts. Danny Malone (who will be presented in New Zealand shortly by Mr. Maurice Ralph); sings a selection of Irish songs known! and loved, the world over. He has instilled the real Irish spirit into these, old favourites, and has endeared himself to all lovers of old ballads with his simple and sincere interpretations,' The gramophone and radio have already introduced Danny Malone to admirers in this part of the world.



Evening Post 15 Sept. 1903


THE FIRST AGREEMENT. LONDON, 14th September. The first agreement made under Mr. Wyndham's Irish Land Act satisfied both landlords and tenants. The latter obtained a reduction of 40 per cent, on the old rents, and the landlords twenty-three years' purchase plus a three years' bonus. The sale was effected without the Land League's intervention.



Auckland Star 18 June 1897 p3




London, June 17.1897, A violent gale is raging in the Irish sea and on the west coast of England. Heavy damage has been done to shipping, and there has been considerable loss of life. Nelson's old warship Fondroyant is among the vessels wrecked.



NZ Tablet 2 Aug. 1895 p 15



I'm weary and sick of the sights of the town,

Though haughty its mansions and high its renown.

O, if some good fairy would but set me down

On an old Irish hill in the morning

My soul ever sighs for a sight of the fox.

By dear old Kinvara or down by Kilkee,

Or where Moher cliff in their majesty free

Fliag back ocean billows in scorning.

An old Irish hill where the crag is so steep,

The air is so sweet and the heather so deep—

Oh I gladly I'd labour and soundly I'd sleep

O an old Irish hill in the morning.

But if the day came for the bold mountaineer

To strike for the hearths and the homes we hold dear,

And ringing on high on the startled air clear,

The blast of that bugles gave warning—

where could oar boys make a sturdier stand,

To strike a stout blow for the cause of our land,

Than massed in their might on the sides green and grand

Of an old Irish hill in the morning

I From an old Irish hill I like eagles we'd sweep,

And chase the false foe through the valley like sheep—

Ob, a harvest of hope for our Erin we'd reap,

On an old Irish hill in the morning




Press 22-3-1918

The copyright of the Irish song "Eileen Alannah" was sold by auction in London in January 1918 for £1051. It was purchased in 1899 for £200. "Lead Kindly Light" fetched £235. and "The Old Country £237 10s.






NZ Tablet 15 Sept. 1898 p6



The late Empress belonged to the Royal House of Bavaria She was the Princess Elisabeth Amalie Eugenic, daughter of the Duke Maximilian-Joseph of Bavaria, and cousin on her mother's side to the King of Bavaria. She was born on December 24. 1834 and was married to the Emperor Franz- Josef of Austria on April 22th 1854 The Princess Elizabeth was a very beautiful girl, and there was an air of romantic affection between her and her suitor, the young Franz-Josef, very unusual in royal marriages. 'Perhaps the happiest years in the life of the Emperor,' says a writer in the Lady s Realm, 'were the first years of hi. married life with the beautiful Princess Elisabeth of Bavaria, the time when his children to whom he was devoted, were still young, and all looked well for their future The murder of the Emperor’s brother the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, was a terrible shock to him, but the grief from which he never recovered was the tragic death of his only son, Prince Rudolph, who committed suicide at, Meyerling-a tragedy that changed the Emperor in one short hour into an old and broken man The sudden and untimely end of the unhappy young Prince is said to have temporarily deprived his mother of" the use of reason.

The late Empress travelled much. She was a well-known mountaineer, with a marvellous capacity for long-sustained and fast walking, was an adept not alone in many out-door sports, but also m every feminine grace and accomplishment. She was esteemed the cleverest and most daring horsewoman in Europe and her exploits on the Irish and English hunting fields went far to establish her renown. I (editor N.Z. Tablet) retain a very distinct recollection or an autumn day in Maynooth College (Ireland) when the students' pleasant occupation of dining was broken in upon by the deep baying of hounds outside the refectory windows A glance through the great squares of glass showed" that' the college grounds were invaded by a pack of beagles in full pursuit of a wearied, panting deer. The students were out in an instant. One of our number (a Kerry student, now a priest in

Canada) seized the deer to protect it, while Mr. (now Father) O Keeffe and I took upon ourselves the difficult and somewhat risky task of beating off the dogs, whose fangs had already deeply scored the flanks and quarters of their quarry. A tall lady dashed in on horseback followed in a few minutes by a great number of horsemen. The lady thanked us graciously for protecting the deer. In a few moments the students learned that she was none other than the Empress of Austria, and the air was filled with cheering it was her first visit to the College, an informal one, followed by many and many a formal and prolonged call for she had rented a residence near the place, came there for several years to hunt with the Ward and Meath hounds, and during her stay in the district was a regular and devout worshipper in the Junior College Chapel, she left behind her in Ireland's great Alma Mater several beautiful and costly souvenirs, one of them being a marvellously rich set of vestments, another a handsome silver statue of St. George and the Dragon set upon a base of solid ebony. The late Empress was a devout Catholic her charities s were great and varied and she took part with the Emperor every Holy Thursday in Vienna in the ceremony of washing the feet of twelve poor old people and sending them off the happy possessors of a liberal share of the imperial bounty.



Otago Witness , Issue 1901, 27 April 1888,



A London cablegram of a recent date stated that two men named Hayes and Moriarty have been sentenced to death for the murder of James Fitzmaurice, a farmer at Listowel, on the 31st January. The following are the particulars of this crime as given in the English papers The victim was a farmer named James Fifczmaurice, aged about 60 years, whe lived about two miles from the village of Lixnaw. Two years ago the deceased held a farm jointly with Mr Samuel Hussey, but both were evicted. Almost immediately afterwards James Fitzmaurice took the farm on his own account, and thus incurred popular displeasure. He was rigidly boycotted, and for six months past he had been under special police protection. He left home in a cart, accompanied by one of his daughters, aged 20 years, for the purpose of taking a couple of pigs to Listowel market. He was accompanied for some distance by two policemen, but at his request they left him at a point about a mile from the scene of the subsequent tragedy. After passing through Lixnaw, Fitzmaurice noticed a young man who was walking along the road behind. Shortly afterwards the man was joined by another, and both commenced to run after the care. The old man, against his daughter's advice, jumped out of the cart and walked along behind it. He did not apparently apprehend any danger, and when the men came near him he walked back to meet them, again disregarding the girl's entreaties. The girl aaw the men meet, and it was evident that words passed between them, although she could not hear distinctly what was said. Fitzmaurice seemed to lose his temper, for he raised his whip as if to strike the two men, who immediately seized him by the collar, drew their revolvers, and fired point blauk into the unfortunate roan's body. The noise frightened the horse, which started off at a gallop, and the girl was unable to pull up until tho cart had goue some considerable distance. As soon as she could she got out of the cart, And ran to her father's assistance. The murderers had rushed off in the direction of Lixnaw. The old man tried to follow after the cart, but he had walked ouly 40 paces when he sank to the ground exhausted with the loss of blood, and never again rallied. The girl rushed to a house some 20yds away, and, having obtained assistance, carried the poor old man into the place. In June last year the following resolution was passed by the Lixnaw branch of the Natioual League That as James Fitzmaurice, of Ahabeg, still persists in allowing his cattle to graze on the farm from which his brother Edmond was recently evicted, and refuses to give any explanation to the league in extenuation of his conduct, we hereby call on the public to mark him as a landgrabbcr of the most inhuman type


Dr. Lawrence Bulger, born in Moore Street, Kilrush in 1870 and who, in his capacity as Medical Officer in the 1908 Olympics in London helped Dorando Pietri over the line. Dorando was disqualified.




C 1910 ABBEYFEALE on December 30th by the Very Rev. Dr. Beecher, a Professor of Maynooth, in a speech at the unveiling of a memorial to Father Casey, of Abbeyfeale, a great leader in the political fight, yet none the less a true shepherd of his people.

Dr. Beecher said:—‘Friends, the constitutional battle has been fought, and, for the most part, won. Only a little while and we shall see the consummation of our hopes, limited, no doubt, as compared with those countries that are nations in the full sense, but sufficient to promote the peace and prosperity, and to satisfy the legitimate craving of a country that has ever yearned for the right to manage its own affairs. And when that day comes what will be the outcome? We often hear it said that it will be the end of the political influence of the priest, and that it will mark the alienation of priests and people. That it will mean in large part the end of the priests' political influence, personally, I have no doubt. And if I know the Irish priests aright, I should say that none will be more willing than they to forego save as citizens much of the influence they wielded in the past.’







Outrageous Conduct of the Paupers, June 5th 1850 Taken from Ballina


In our last we gave the investigation at the workhouses, consequent

upon the charges of neglect brought forward and substantiated by Mr. Thomas

Browne, guardian for Patrick st. ward, against the officers, in connexion

with the supply of clothing requisites, and accounts for same. The result of

that inquiry, as our readers are aware, led to the resignation of Mr. Scott,

master of the establishment. We also published the melee that occurred on

Wednesday when the paupers of the central workhouse, with those of the

William st., Boherbuoy and Mountkennett auxiliaries "turned out," with a

view of demonstrating their regret," with at Mr. Scott's departure, or, we

might say, to compel the board, vi et armis, to retain him in a situation,

the duties of which he had discharged since the introduction of the Poor-law

into Limerick, and the opening of the workhouse in this union. Owing to the

outrageous conduct that took place on Wednesday the authorities were obliged

to call in the aid of Military and Police to disperse the turbulent rioters,

who that evening retired to their respective quarters.

On Thursday, however, the malcontents, amused by the previous day's

"gambols" again revolted, the inmates of the Clare st. auxiliary, in charge

of Mrs. Sleeman, having alone stood aloof; and it is worthy of record that

to the moral influence of this amiable lady over the females in the

establishment, is alone attributable so laudable a proof of her

qualifications to fill an office in a more suitable sphere. From an early

hour the paupers paraded the streets, rife for mischief and plunder, rather

than for the ostensible object of achieving the restoration of the workhouse

master; be this as it may, the aspect was alarming and Mr. Barron, R.M.,

took the necessary precaution of having the Police and Military on the

alert, should their services be called into requisition. The central

workhouse, at the North Strand, was besieged by from 4,000 to 5,000 paupers,

who evinced all the usual symptoms of riot and disorder. On his way to the

workhouse, Mr. Barron encountered a "tumultuous mob (about 400) coming into

the city headed by a fellow named John M'Mahon, wh carried an effigy,

dressed in pauper's clothing, with a sheet of paper attached, displaying the

following: "Blind George Gloster- Thomas Browne, the robber (figure of a

coffin) - Lynch, the brute - May the devil have them all." Mr. Barron

promptly made a prisoner of the ringleader, who as at once handed over to

the Police. At the workhouse the paupers behaved most violently, and were it

not for the firmness displayed by the authorities, the consequences would

have proved fatal. The Mayor, Alderman Watson, Thomas Boyse, Lt. Col. Doyle,

and Pierce G. Barron, Esqrs., were up at the scene of riot, with

Sub-Inspector Williams, the City Police, and a company of the 1st Royals.

The appearance of the force only conduced to exasperate the rioters and

volley after volley of stones were thrown, which injured many persons, yet,

the forbearance of the authorities was surprising. The Magistrates were

hooted and pelted, with the fiendish "war cry" of the women as they shouted

vociferously, sounded in all quarters. The Sergeant Major of the 1st Royals

received a blow of a large stone in the side of the head, which inflicted a

serious wound from the efforts of which he is confined in hospital.

Head-Constable Daly was struck with a paving stone in the abdomen and

knocked down; Sub-Constable Ryan, City Police, got a blow from a stone on

the left side of the face, which was severely cut under the eye, while

Sub-Constables Bowers and Gibson received cuts on the ear from missiles. The

authorities behaved nobly in such trying circumstances and by their

persevering executions, were ultimately successful in subduing the

outrageous multitude, and restoring order. In the dispersing the immense

crowd the Justices sent the Police through the City, to take up all paupers

found straggling and over 100 were committed to the City gaol.-- Limerick




The pay of an Colonel of Engineers is 26s. a day. When employed in Ireland

he receives 13s. a day extra, 10s. a day as command pay, forage for three

horses, with an allowance of 3s. per diem for servants. Ordnance commands

and quarters are of the best.

Lord Dunraven is completing the beautiful new Adare Castle. Over the grand

entrance on stone are the words "Love God only- Obey the Queen-Eschew evil,

and do good."

Nine vessels with "bread stuffs" arrived in Limerick from Wednesday to


26th June 1850 Ballina Chronicle

In Listowel workhouse there are 4,600 paupers and 5,000 receiving out-door


We have just learned with much regret, that the potato blight has exhibited

itself in the vicinity of Dingle and at Glenbeigh, and other parts of

Ireragh.--Tralee Chronicle.

19 june 1850

Already 600 enrolled pensioners are settled in New Zealand most

satisfactorily and the price of land in the vicinity of the pensioner

villages has risen. The guards over convicts now keep up the supply of

Pensioners for Australia, and the success of the experiment has been




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Around 60,000 historical scientific papers are accessible via a fully searchable online archive, with papers published more than 70 years ago now becoming freely available.

Treasures in the archive include Isaac Newton’s first published scientific paper, geological work by a young Charles Darwin, and Benjamin Franklin’s celebrated account of his electrical kite experiment. And nestling amongst these illustrious papers, readers willing to delve a little deeper into the archive may find some undiscovered gems from the dawn of the scientific revolution – including accounts of monstrous calves, grisly tales of students being struck by lightning, and early experiments on to how to cool drinks “without the Help of Snow, Ice, Haile, Wind or Niter, and That at Any Time of the Year.”


Open Access Royal Society; http://royalsocietypublishing.org/search


Open Access Week; http://www.openaccessweek.org/



• • Thomas Stack

A Letter from Tho. Stack, M. D. to Sir Hans Sloane, Bart. Pr. R. S. &c. Containing an Account of a Woman Sixty-Eight Years of Age, Who Gave Suck to Two of Her Grand-ChildrenPhil. Trans. 1739 41:140-142; doi:10.1098/rstl.1739.0019

1739-1741 research-article A Letter from Tho. Stack, M. D. to Sir Hans Sloane, Bart. Pr. R. S. c. Containing an...of Age, Who Gave Suck to Two of Her Grand-Children Thomas Stack The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize...





The Late Devensian Vegetation of Ireland

1. W. A. Watts


The vegetation of the Late Devensian period in Ireland is reviewed. New investigations at Ballybetagh, Co. Dublin, Dunshaughlin, Co. Meath, Glenveagh, Co. Donegal and Poulroe, Co. Clare, are reported. A sequence of phases of vegetation development for the Dublin region is described and regional variation elsewhere in Ireland discussed. Pollen influx values for two Late Devensian sites in southeastern Ireland are reported. A case is made that the Juniperus-Empetrum phase between 12 400 and 12 000 B.P. was the warmest phase of the Late Devensian. The reason for absence of birch woodland in late-glacial Ireland is discussed. Evidence for widespread soil erosion at the end of the Juniperus-Empetrum phase is presented. The occurrence of a corrie glaciation at Lough Nahanagan in the Wicklow Mountains in the Artemisia phase is documented. A radiocarbon chronology for events in the Late Devensian of Ireland is proposed.


1. Mark I Grossman*

+ Author Affiliations

1. 28 Cypress Lane, Briarcliff ManorNY 10510, USA

1. * (markig@westnet.com)


Smithson Tennant is known mainly for his discovery of osmium and iridium. This paper details Tennant's involvement with meteorites, which has received little attention by his biographers, and provides new information about his final stay in Paris. Tennant reported his analysis of the Cape of Good Hope meteorite in 1806 and received a sample of the Bendego meteorite in 1811 that was subsequently analysed by Wollaston. During Tennant's final trip to France, which began in September 1814, Berthollet presented a sample of the Limerick meteorite that he received from Tennant to the French Institute. Tennant visited Delamétherie, and an unpublished letter acquired by the author shows that he met the explorer and scientist Alexander von Humboldt. The Limerick meteorite was discussed with Delamétherie and probably with Humboldt. Evidence suggests that Tennant met the painter François Gérard and the scientists Biot, Arago, Gay-Lussac and Cuvier. The Limerick meteorite specimen that Tennant gave to Berthollet is probably Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle sample MNHN-35, whose donor is unknown. Tennant was the first to be quoted in the scientific literature about the Limerick meteorite—more than three years before the scientist William Higgins published his account of the meteorite shower.



June 12th 1850

Ballina Chronicle


The following extracts are from a letter addressed to his relations by

an emigrant who went out to settle on the land belonging to the Potters'

Emigrant Society:-

"Marquette County, State of Wisconsin.

"Now that we have time to look around, we can tell you a little about

emancipation and the far-famed store of Mr. Thomas Twigg. From the letters I

had seen in the Potter's Examiner, I thought that it must be a true model of

a yankee store; but what a surprise, we found it to be in the fashion of an

Indian wigwam, consisting of about 38 trees piled upon each other, and

furnished like some of the rag and bone shops in Angel Meadow. It had on the

shelves a few cotton balls, a few bunches of matches, and a little thread,

about two bags of flour, and a few potatoes, and some little pork at 10d.

per lb. and very bad at that price. We find upon inquiry that flour is 3

dollars per cwt, the potatoes 3s. a bushel of 60 lbs. ...[ink blot on

several following lines]... At these prices you must bear in mind Mr. Twigg

said he could realize a profit of 25 per cent; but the profit will be more

than 125 per cent, as they can get flour from the mill at 1 dollar 25c. We

had our house by ballot, according to rule; but it was in a bad condition,

the roof was not on, and the cement plaster with which the houses were to be

plastered is made of sludge, had thrown on with the hand without a trowel,

no chimney built at all, and we had to be without a fire in the house for

six weeks at first, and then had to give nearly 5l. for a stove. The room

floor is not laid yet and when we want to go up above we have to crawl on

the logs like cats. I was to have five acres of land broken up, fenced and

sown, but I have only about one acre part ploughed, none fenced, and none

sown. The other four acres I got is of first rate quality. The upland is

beautifully timbered, not heavy, but enough for farming purposes; and the

upland is so fine a natural meadow for hay as any in the world. We feel

heartily sorry for many that came up here when we did, for the society's

allowances has been bread and treacle and coffee, and it is only some times

that they can get that; and if they did not go to work for the society

before they built their own houses, they would have no credit at all. The

society pay in goods for all its work. Rail making is one dollar for cutting

the trees and making one hundred rails, and finding their own board. The

Yankees pay one dollar and a quarter in each and board you. I went out to

work at my own trade, and built the first brick house west of Jose River. I

intend to take up government land to the amount of 320 acres, or what is

called half a section. If any of you want to find a good country, this is

the place; there will be a deal of work for bricklayers and masons, and

there is only one bricklayer besides me up here, and no masons at all. I

believe this will be a fine country very soon, as the government is

improving the river, and then we shall have market close at home for our

produce. We live within two miles of Jose River, and the same distance from

the head of Buffalo Lake. If I had gone to work for the society I would have

been in as bad a state as the rest, but I went out to work six weeks and I

brought home 50 dollars, besides being boarded during the time. I have not

been to work for the society yet neither do I intend, for their wages is 6s.

a day, and bricklayers are something more independent than that. We have now

a couple of barrels of flour, nine bushels of potatoes, some pork and

groceries, all paid for in cash, and so few dollars besides. Remember this

will be a first rate place for bricklayers, and if any of you come, you must

expect no credit, as is represented for you in England. No employment, you

must have no meat. If ____ wished to make something handsome of his money,

now is the time as land here can now be had cheap, but in a short time it

will rise in value as fast as ever it did at Millwaukee or nay other

shipping port. If my brother could be any way got out before this spring, we

will find him some constant work at good wages. The average price for

labourer's here on the farm is from 8s. to 10s. a day in spring and hay

time, and harvest 10s. to 14s. a day and board. There is plenty of work for

any man here that will work and sure independence in the end. We think it

would be a rare change for them to get out of a factory on to the farm and

raise all their own provisions free from rents, rates, tithes and taxation.

When once we pay one dollar and a quarter an acre the it is our own, and we

don't fear anybody. If the society was managed here in a proper manner it

would work well, but here, as in the Potteries, it has too many paid

officers and bloodsuckers. There are at this time eleven paid officials

living at the society's expense, beside wages weekly. We assure you that

they have made a poor show for the members out of the last draft of money

they got from England.



Nenagh Guardian 19th Sept. 1870


Notice to post offices

"Incivility to the Public: The Postmaster General has recently been

compelled to remove two counter women in consequence of incivility to the

public, and he desires to make it known that whenever a complaint of

incivility-or even a want of courtesy or attention-is clearly established,

he will not fail to inflict severe punishment. His Lordship regrets to find

that complaints of this nature have become more frequent since women have

been employed at the Public Counters."



NYDaily News


Sunday, December 9th 2007, 8:12 PM


BROSNAN-John Born Dec. 22, 1918, died peaceful on December 8, 2007. Native

of Lyrecompane, Listowel, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Retired member of Carpenter

Union Local 608, NYC. Devoted husband of Bridget (nee Walsh). Beloved father

of Cornelius (Anne), John (Elisa) and the late William. Loving grandfather

of Patricia (Michael) Mancuso, Maureen (Sean), Kelly and Neil, Sean and Mark

Brosnan. Loving great-grandfather of Nicholas and Ashley Mancuso. Fond

brother of Andrew and Patrick and many cousins in Ireland. Reposing at

SCHUYLER HILL FUNERAL HOME, 3535 E. Tremont Ave., Bx. until Tuesday 9:30AM.

Mass of Christian Burial St. Frances de Chantal Church 10:00AM. Interment

Gate of Heaven Cemetery. Visiting Monday 2-5 & 7-9PM. James E. McQuade,


The relatives of Irish sisters who died in New York will not see a penny as

their entire estate goes to animal charities





Published Thursday, June 17, 2010, 2:08 PM

Updated Thursday, June 17, 2010, 2:19 PM






Listowel, County Kerry

Two sisters originally from Coolkeragh, Listowel, County Kerry have died

leaving millions of dollars in their estate. Attorneys are now desperately

seeking out the sister’s family in Ireland not to bequeath them the money

but to inform them that all of the money will go to animal charities.

Mary Teresa and Nora Hayes moved from the small village in County Kerry and

settle in the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York. Nora died on

December 19, 1998 and Mary Teresa passed away in September 2006 leaving a

fortune of millions.

Although their millions of dollars will be going to animal charities it

seems that their Irish family members must all be informed that they will

not receive a penny before the money goes to charity.

Louis McDonough is a lawyer in Listowel, County Kerry who has been charged

with the job of finding the blood relatives of the multi-millionaires. He

said “It seems to be a requirement of the American probate system that they

be provided with information of cousins, so it's to help out an American

attorney that we're trying to get the information.

"It's very rare that you have to go looking for relatives."

McDonough has issued an ad in national newspapers in Irealnd in the hope

that the blood relatives, probably cousins, will see it and contact him.

However, he realizes that they are in for a big disappointment when they

realize they won’t see a dime.

“The ad elevates expectation, but it's to satisfy a bureaucratic requirement

in the US. We were making inquiries on behalf of one of the two Hayes who

made a will and it has substantially benefited animal charities.

"They get the residue of the estate. It runs into the millions, and could be

three or four million."

Though giving three or four million dollars to animal charities might seem

extreme McDonough doubts that any possible members of the Hayes family will

manage to contest their wills.

“There are very limited circumstances in which relatives may be able to

challenge a will but those circumstances are very rare.

"Challenging a will by someone who is not named in the will is not something

you can do unless you're a spouse or a child,” said McDonough.

Finding the family is simply a formality which will get lawyers a grant of

probate and allow them to release the estate to the charities.

The Hayes sisters were the last of five siblings none of whom ever married.






" The Presbytery, Dingle, Co. Kerry."




" Last week we were fortunate recipients of the

sum of £333 odd from the Irish White Cross on

hehalf of some of my parishioners. They had

suffered very seriously in consequence of the war,

so much so that, without any exaggeration whatso-

ever, I dare state in plain language that they were

" Castlemaine, Co. Kerry."






" On behalf of the Inver White Cross Committee,

I beg to convey to you and your associates our

profound sense of gratitude for the splendid

material and moral assistance we have been enabled

to render, through the instrumentality of your

excellent Committee, to the victims of the late war

of repression and their dependents here in the

Parish of Inver. No words of mine can convey in

any adequate measure our deep feeling of gratitude

to the great American Nation, which has surpassed

itself in generosity throughout the terrible and

prolonged ordeal through which we have passed.


" Out of a total of £500 or thereabouts allocated

to us we were enabled to make fair provision to

meet the immediate demands of the cases specified.

Generally speaking, we have granted one pound per

week in each case to the dependents of the internees

and the unemployed. One man, whose horse was

shot by the military, had it replaced. Another,

whose motor car was commandeered and

dismantled, was supplied with a jaunting car.

Allowance was made in a few cases for bed-clothing

and personal clothing destroyed, and two new

sewing machines provided. All are now restored to

their old homes, and we trust, under the new Govern-

ment, they will be able to repair their shattered

fortunes in the near future. As not coming within

the scope of our Committee, I have made no mention

of £1,500 or thereabouts allocated to the recon-

struction of the Inver Creamery, which is now in

full working order.




" Parochial House,



" On behalf of the Branch of the Irish White

Cross in this parish, and on behalf of the parish

generally, I wish to thank the American Committee

for Relief in Ireland for the helping hand extended

to us for the past few months.


" We did not suffer directly through the action

of the British troops in destruction of life and

property. But, as this is a fishing district, the

action of the British Government in closing down

the Dingle Railway, and in not allowing supplies —

even food — into the district, interfered very

seriously with the industry, and led to many cases

of hardship and want.


" The money given us through the White Cross

was expended nearly altogether in giving employ-

ment on much needed local works such as

improvement of boat slips, making approach roads,

which had been thrown out of contract by local

Councils for want of funds. Cases of direct relief

were very few, such as poor women who had nobody

to work for them or poor men unable to work.


" I am sure the humanity and kind sympathy

manifested by the Great American Nation, in

coming to Ireland's aid in her great struggle for

freedom, will not be the least of her glories when

she recounts her efforts throughout the world in

behalf of that liberty with which her name will

always be associated.




" Ballyferriter, Co. Kerry."

" I would ask you to convey our deep and sincere

gratitude to all those of your people in the United

States who have so nobly responded to our appeal

with the open purse and generous hand, that are

hall-marks of a true American always and every-

where. The cause of charity never appealed in

vain to the people of America, but they have been,






I believe, especially responsive to the women and

children of a race who have never spared themselves

in the defence and upbuilding of your great



" The generous donors will, I believe, be pleased

to be assured by me, as Chairman of our local

Committee, that every penny of the White Cross

money that came to Castleisland was expended

solely on the victims of the war.


" I enclose a brief summary of the losses and

damage inflicted by the Crown forces on property-

owners in this parish. It is not full or compre-

hensive, and does not include those who lost their

lives in the struggle; but it will give your people

some idea of the suffering entailed, the poverty and

attendant distress, why so many are sick and shelter-

less, and made helpless by the cruelty of war. May

we not, then, express a hope that the White Cross

may be enabled to continue its beneficence during

this period of transition to help to heal the wounds

and repair the ravages that this cruel war has




" Castleisland, Co. Kerry."

"On behalf of the people and priests of

Abbeydorney, I have been asked to convey to you

and the other members of the American Relief






Committee our deep feelings of gratitude for the

generous assistance you have given in the time of

our great suffering.


" Thanks to the generous assistance of the

American Relief Committee, these people have been

enabled to build new homes, or, where they were

not utterly destroyed, to repair their old homes.

Were it not for the aid of the White Cross Com-

mittee ten families would have remained homeless,

as they were without the means of rebuilding their

ruined homes.


" In addition, grants were made by the White

Cross to provide implements whereby sufferers were

enabled to work at their ordinary avocations.


" Were it not for that extraordinary generosity

that has always been a characteristic of the

American people, the victims of the savage forces

let loose on this district would have been in a very

bad way indeed. But thanks to the White Cross,

the material injuries they suffered are being

repaired, and they look forward with confidence to

a happy future.



" Abbeydorney, Co. Kerry."

' The Committee are very grateful to you, and

all officials of the White Cross Society, for the kindly

and sympathetic way in which you received any

suggestion made by them, and for the splendid work

you have done here and in other parts of the

country, in relieving effectually all cases of hardship

within the scope of your Society.



" Tralee, Co. Kerry."

" In the hour of our need our country, yielding

to a natural impulse, has even in the recent past

made her appeal to one nation above and before

every other, and at no time has she known that

great nation to turn a deaf ear. Ever since the

rise of the great Republic of the West Ireland has

been bound to the United States by a bond of friend-

ship, of gratitude and unfailing affection. And

surely there never has been an occasion in the past

which called for a display of those feelings so loudly

and so eloquently as do the most recent benefactions

of the American people. Here, in our own diocese

of Kerry, our persecuted people have good reason

to remember and be grateful for the timely help

which has enabled not a few of them to keep body

and soul together, after they had seen their homes

reduced to ashes, their women ill-treated, their men

folk cruelly done to death. And even now, in time

of truce, though the actual ill-usage has, for the

most part, come to an end, the consequences of past

ill-usage and persecution still remain. In many

parts of our diocese, especially along the seaboard,






distress is rife, and, but for the assistance rendered

by the American Committee for Relief in Ireland

through the agency of the Irish White Cross,

starvation in many cases seemed absolutely

inevitable. During the past terrible year fishing

communities have found it utterly impossible to ply

their trade. Only at the peril of their lives could

men venture to sea. All forms of transport were

held up. And even when railway transport was

again restored, the charges were so exorbitant as

to make any profit impossible. It is greatly to be

feared that the coming winter will find our poor

people utterly unprepared to meet the severities of

that season, and charitable persons who have gone

into the homes of our people, and made themselves

thoroughly acquainted with their dire need, are con-

vinced that, unless effective and timely measures are

concerted and help secured, the results for our poor

people will be most deplorable. "






Bishop of Kerry,

Geographical Distribution of Personal Relief to the

31st August, 1922.

Kerry —


Abbeydorney 30


Annascaul 105


Ardfert 346 5


Ballybunion 1,313


Ballydavid 147 11


Ballyferriter 467


Ballyheigue 135




12,410 5




Carried forward, £2,543 16 £635,468 12 7












£ s. d. £ s. vi.


Brought forward, 2,543 16 635,468 12 7


Kerry — (contd.)


Ballylongford 634


BallymacelHgott 741 5


Cahirciveen 155


Camp 259


Castlegregory 807 15


Castleisland 1,116


Castlemaine 413


Causeway 80


Dingle 1,709 2


Duagh 28"9 10


Fenit 138


Firies 291 10


Fossa 511


Glenbeigh 472 10


Glenflesk 1,222 15


Kenmare 975


Kerry County, general 653 15


Kilgarvan 293


Killarney 1,635


Killeentierna 530 10


Kilmorna 74


Killorglin 742 15


Killury 5U '5


Knocknagoshel 90


Listowel 2,102


Lixnaw 680


Milltown 335


Newtownsandes 199


Rathmore 743 12


Tralee 3,901 5


Tuosist 378 10


Ventry 650




Carried forward,




- 25,878 15

£661,347 7 7




About Sir Arthur Vicars, Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland 1536-1810




This important book is well known to Irish genealogists. It contains an

index to over 40,000 Irish wills, most of which were destroyed in the 1922

explosion at the Public Record Office in Dublin. As a consequence this book

is especially important as the only surviving evidence of what did exist at

one time. This index gives the name of every person who left a will, their

address, rank or occupation and the date of probate.


The Prerogative Court was the central court for the proving of wills and

grants of probate and administration. It dealt with wills which represented

assets greater than £5 in more than one Diocese. Less than this and the will

was proved in the Diocesan Consistoral Court. There were around 30 of these.

The only other courts were the ones set up after the process was taken into

the hands of the civil authorities in 1858 when district and central

registries are established and the Diocesan and Prerogative Courts



Vicars' based his work on the abstracts to the original wills compiled by

Sir William Betham, and is the only index to his voluminous collections of

abstracts and extracts in existence.





On March 25th,1887 a numerous staff of bailiffs, protected by a

large force of

police under the command of District Inspector W.H.RICE, accompanied by

Lord Listowel's Steward, Mr. SWEETMAN, proceeded to Finuge for the purpos of

evicting a farmer named James O'CONNELL for non payment of rent. When the

bailiffs arrived at the place there were only Mrs. O'Connell and her

children in the house, Mr. O'CONNELL being in town at the time. Mr. SWEETMAN

demanded possession. Mrs O'Connell replied her husband was not at home.

Bailiff BROWNE and his comrades set about their work. So roughly did they

hustle out the furniture and bedding that the bystanders, smothering their

feelings, actually assisted in removing the various articles of furniture to

save them from being injured. When the house was cleared, a caretaker was

put in possession, and two policemen left to guard him. When Mr. O'CONNELL

came on the scene the eviction was almost completed. When the police and

bailiffs left he found himself surrounded by his wife and children. He had

no place to shelter either himself or his family. He came into town and

asked the agent for a night's lodging in the home from which he was evicted.

The agent refused. That night the caretaker took pity on Mrs O'CONNELL and

gave her shelter. The next morning the agent, Mr. FITZGERALD, met Mrs O'CONNELL,

and warned her that if she visited the house again he would prosecute her.

Since that time the caretakers have refused to give shelter to the poor

woman and her infant child. The neighbours, however did not leave her long

without protection. Mrs O'CONNELL is now sheltered and has a temporary home

under James MURPHY'S roof, and the children are scattered out amongst the

other neighbours.